Table 69

Heavier drinking and drinking five or more drinks in a day among adults 18 years of age and over, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1997–2006

[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

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Heavier drinker1Five or more drinks in a day on at least 1 day in the past year1Five or more drinks in a day on at least 12 days in the past year1
Characteristic199720002005200619972000200520061997200020052006
Percent of adults
18 years and over, age-adjusted24.94.34.85.021.119.220.120.29.78.78.99.2
18 years and over, crude5.04.34.95.021.519.319.920.09.88.78.89.1
Both sexes
Age
All persons:
 18–44 years5.24.75.25.129.226.928.527.613.212.212.712.7
  18–24 years5.35.86.66.031.830.331.431.315.215.515.715.9
  25–44 years5.24.34.84.828.525.827.526.312.611.111.611.6
 45–64 years5.54.65.25.715.914.414.716.17.66.46.37.2
  45–54 years5.54.45.46.219.016.417.519.38.77.07.78.6
  55–64 years5.45.04.94.911.111.310.811.85.85.44.45.2
 65 years and over3.12.63.03.64.93.83.64.52.21.81.72.1
  65–74 years3.93.14.04.76.75.25.46.53.02.52.73.2
  75 years and over2.12.02.02.42.42.11.62.11.1*0.9*0.7*0.9
Race 2,3
White only5.24.55.25.422.920.821.922.310.39.29.610.0
Black or African American only4.03.53.03.511.711.612.011.76.56.55.66.2
American Indian or Alaska Native only****29.223.722.822.717.4*12.1*11.9*12.2
Asian only*1.9*2.3*2.1*1.311.48.89.88.7*4.83.63.83.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - ‐***- - ‐***- - ‐***
2 or more races- - ‐*7.5*5.0*5.8- - ‐28.018.821.4- - ‐15.9*9.0*9.4
Hispanic origin and race 2,3
Hispanic or Latino3.93.22.42.820.417.317.416.711.29.08.48.4
 Mexican4.43.82.52.621.219.918.518.512.610.89.99.6
Not Hispanic or Latino5.14.55.25.321.319.720.720.89.58.89.09.4
 White only5.44.75.85.923.521.523.023.510.39.39.910.4
 Black or African American only3.93.43.03.511.611.511.711.76.56.55.66.2
Percent of poverty level 2,4
Below 100%4.84.34.24.417.315.015.316.29.78.68.18.4
100%–less than 200%4.94.24.54.218.415.715.917.49.88.08.48.8
200% or more5.04.35.15.322.620.621.921.59.78.99.19.5
Male
18 years and over, age-adjusted 26.15.15.65.530.728.328.528.015.814.414.214.4
18 years and over, crude6.15.25.65.531.729.028.828.316.314.714.414.6
Age
All persons:
 18–44 years6.55.66.25.940.637.839.037.021.119.619.819.2
  18–24 years6.06.38.16.440.638.041.439.322.922.922.821.7
  25–44 years6.65.35.65.740.637.738.136.220.618.518.818.3
 45–64 years6.65.55.85.825.323.522.323.812.711.310.612.1
  45–54 years6.65.75.96.329.426.325.926.914.512.312.713.9
  55–64 years6.65.45.65.018.919.017.119.410.09.87.59.7
 65 years and over3.73.13.13.69.37.46.97.84.73.73.53.8
  65–74 years4.83.94.04.912.29.59.610.96.14.95.05.3
  75 years and over*2.1*2.0*2.1*1.95.14.43.43.8*2.5*2.0*1.4*1.9
Race 2,3
White only6.35.15.85.832.829.930.430.316.714.915.215.5
Black or African American only5.35.44.44.418.419.820.019.211.012.410.511.6
American Indian or Alaska Native only****45.729.230.130.630.4*14.0*19.0*
Asian only*2.3*3.5**1.817.814.113.613.4*7.5*5.9*5.75.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - ‐***- - ‐***- - ‐***
2 or more races- - ‐*12.1**- - ‐39.228.225.1- - ‐23.7*13.2*12.1
Heavier drinker1Five or more drinks in a day on at least 1 day in the past year1Five or more drinks in a day on at least 12 days in the past year1
Characteristic199720002005200619972000200520061997200020052006
Hispanic origin and race 2,3Percent of adults
Hispanic or Latino5.75.23.84.030.927.927.425.518.815.914.413.5
 Mexican6.96.64.24.134.232.229.728.921.919.117.315.8
Not Hispanic or Latino6.15.25.95.830.728.628.828.615.514.314.314.7
 White only6.45.26.36.333.330.631.431.416.615.015.516.0
 Black or African American only5.35.44.44.518.419.719.619.211.112.310.411.5
Percent of poverty level 2,4
Below 100%6.86.46.25.926.924.824.424.416.515.714.414.7
100%–less than 200%7.15.86.05.727.323.623.724.316.413.314.014.1
200% or more5.74.85.45.432.129.630.129.215.614.514.214.4
Female
18 years and over, age-adjusted 23.93.54.14.512.210.812.212.83.93.43.84.3
18 years and over, crude3.93.54.14.612.110.611.812.33.93.33.74.1
Age
All persons:
 18–44 years4.03.84.34.218.316.518.318.45.55.25.76.4
  18–24 years4.55.25.05.623.022.821.623.57.68.38.810.3
  25–44 years3.93.44.03.816.914.517.216.74.94.24.75.1
 45–64 years4.43.84.65.57.26.07.79.02.91.92.42.6
  45–54 years4.53.25.06.19.27.19.612.13.32.13.03.6
  55–64 years4.44.64.24.84.14.45.24.92.11.51.6*1.3
 65 years and over2.62.23.03.61.61.21.11.9*0.4*0.4 * *0.8
  65–74 years3.12.54.0*4.52.31.71.82.8 * * * *1.4
  75 years and over2.01.91.9*2.7*0.7 * * * * * * *
Race 2,3
White only4.24.04.65.013.512.113.614.54.23.74.24.8
Black or African American only2.92.01.92.76.55.25.55.72.91.91.72.0
American Indian or Alaska Native only * * * * 18.1*19.0*16.6*14.1 * * * *
Asian only * * * * *5.2*3.7*5.9*4.5 * * * *
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - ‐ * * * - - ‐ * * * - - ‐ * * *
2 or more races- - ‐ * * * - - ‐17.0*10.717.1- - ‐*8.2 * *
Hispanic origin and race 2,3
Hispanic or Latino2.21.21.0*1.79.76.87.27.73.52.12.23.1
 Mexican*1.9*1.1*0.9 * 8.27.17.16.93.2*2.22.32.5
Not Hispanic or Latino4.13.84.64.912.611.513.113.74.03.64.14.5
 White only4.44.35.25.514.213.015.116.04.34.04.75.1
 Black or African American only2.92.01.92.76.25.25.45.62.91.91.72.0
Percent of poverty level 2,4
Below 100%3.62.82.83.510.88.29.010.25.13.63.73.8
100%–less than 200%3.12.93.22.910.59.09.311.04.03.53.73.8
200% or more4.23.84.75.213.111.713.713.83.73.43.94.6
*

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20%–30%. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30%.

- - -

Data not available.

1

Heavier drinking is based on self-reported responses to questions about average alcohol consumption and is defined as more than 14 drinks per week for men and more than seven drinks per week for women on average. (Most drinking guidelines consider more than seven drinks per week to be a heavier level of consumption for women. U.S. Department of Agriculture: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2000, 5th edition.) Respondents were also asked, “In the past year, on how many days did you have five or more drinks of any alcoholic beverage?” See Appendix II, Alcohol consumption.

2

Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using four age groups: 18–24 years, 25–44 years, 45–64 years, and 65 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates in this table may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

3

The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

4

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 26%–30% of adults 18 years of age and over in 1997–1998 and 32%–35% in 1999–2006. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

NOTES: Standard errors are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. For more data on alcohol consumption see the Early Release reports on the National Health Interview Survey home page: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs/nhis.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCE: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, family core and sample adult questionnaires.

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20%–30%. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30%.

Heavier drinking is based on self-reported responses to questions about average alcohol consumption and is defined as more than 14 drinks per week for men and more than seven drinks per week for women on average. (Most drinking guidelines consider more than seven drinks per week to be a heavier level of consumption for women. U.S. Department of Agriculture: Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2000, 5th edition.) Respondents were also asked, “In the past year, on how many days did you have five or more drinks of any alcoholic beverage?” See Appendix II, Alcohol consumption.

Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using four age groups: 18–24 years, 25–44 years, 45–64 years, and 65 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates in this table may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 26%–30% of adults 18 years of age and over in 1997–1998 and 32%–35% in 1999–2006. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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