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Table 58

Limitation of activity caused by chronic conditions, by selected characteristics: United States, selected years 1997–2006

[Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population]

Click here for spreadsheet version

Any activity limitation 1
Characteristic1997200420052006
All agesPercent of persons
All ages, age-adjusted 2,313.311.911.711.6
All ages, crude 212.811.911.811.8
Age
Under 18 years6.67.07.07.3
 Under 5 years3.53.54.33.9
 5–17 years7.88.48.08.6
18–44 years7.06.05.75.5
 18–24 years5.14.44.24.1
 25–44 years7.66.56.36.0
45–54 years14.212.511.912.5
55–64 years22.219.919.920.0
65 years and over38.734.133.832.6
 65–74 years30.025.525.224.8
 75 years and over50.243.943.541.6
Sex 3
Male13.111.811.711.6
Female13.411.911.611.5
Race 3,4
White only13.111.611.511.4
Black or African American only17.115.314.114.1
American Indian or Alaska Native only23.117.116.018.4
Asian only7.56.46.46.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - -***
2 or more races- - -18.819.919.7
 Black or African American; White- - -*15.8*10.922.2
 American Indian or Alaska Native; White- - -21.526.322.7
Hispanic origin and race 3,4
Hispanic or Latino12.810.210.510.0
 Mexican12.510.111.49.8
Not Hispanic or Latino13.512.311.911.9
 White only13.212.111.811.8
 Black or African American only17.015.314.214.1
Percent of poverty level 3,5
Below 100%25.423.022.422.1
100%–less than 200%17.916.316.216.4
200% or more10.19.29.08.7
Hispanic origin and race and percent of poverty level 3,4,5
Hispanic or Latino:
 Below 100%19.215.515.915.7
 100%–less than 200%12.710.511.010.6
 200% or more9.27.77.97.1
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Below 100%27.826.225.225.7
  100%–less than 200%19.218.718.518.8
  200% or more10.49.59.39.0
 Black or African American only:
  Below 100%28.227.125.322.5
  100%–less than 200%19.516.615.816.8
  200% or more10.710.39.59.0
Geographic region 3
Northeast13.011.010.611.3
Midwest13.112.712.812.5
South13.912.312.011.9
West13.011.410.910.5
Location of residence 3
Within MSA 612.711.211.011.1
Outside MSA 615.514.914.514.2
ADL limitation 7IADL limitation 7
Characteristic19972004200520061997200420052006
65 years of age and overPercent of persons
65 years and over, age-adjusted 2,86.76.16.25.813.711.512.011.2
65 years and over, crude 26.46.06.15.713.111.512.011.1
 65–74 years3.42.93.23.26.95.56.45.6
 75 years and over10.49.59.48.621.218.118.317.3
Sex 8
Male5.24.84.64.69.18.48.17.9
Female7.76.97.26.616.913.614.813.6
Race 4,8
White only6.35.85.75.413.111.011.510.3
Black or African American only11.78.710.311.121.317.017.819.7
American Indian or Alaska Native only********
Asian only**8.0*7.5*5.8*9.112.3*11.3*8.2
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander only- - -***- - -***
2 or more races- - -***- - -*21.4**21.5
Hispanic origin and race 4,8
Hispanic or Latino10.810.410.77.716.314.816.912.8
 Mexican11.410.712.07.618.815.319.612.2
Not Hispanic or Latino6.55.85.95.713.611.311.811.1
 White only6.15.55.45.213.010.711.210.2
 Black or African American only11.78.710.111.121.217.117.719.7
Percent of poverty level 5,8
Below 100%12.510.110.49.625.320.921.819.7
100%–less than 200%7.46.76.57.115.813.314.714.1
200% or more5.35.25.44.610.49.19.38.5
Hispanic origin and race and percent of poverty level 4,5,8
Hispanic or Latino:
 Below 100%16.015.916.0*9.725.524.026.215.9
 100%–less than 200%11.1*10.311.37.515.514.417.616.0
 200% or more*6.6*6.6*7.3*6.510.2*8.911.3*7.8
Not Hispanic or Latino:
 White only:
  Below 100%11.88.29.39.124.919.220.717.9
  100%–less than 200%6.66.25.76.615.212.714.213.0
  200% or more5.04.95.04.310.38.88.98.3
 Black or African American only:
  Below 100%13.513.9*11.4*12.827.826.024.628.4
  100%–less than 200%12.4*7.4*8.412.122.417.716.320.1
  200% or more9.8*6.310.8*9.015.110.514.913.5
ADL limitation 7IADL limitation 7
Characteristic19972004200520061997200420052006
Geographic region 8Percent of persons
Northeast6.15.66.05.512.29.910.910.1
Midwest5.85.45.35.613.111.912.011.4
South8.26.86.86.515.812.713.012.2
West5.96.16.45.312.411.011.510.5
Location of residence 8
Within MSA 66.66.36.25.713.511.311.511.1
Outside MSA 67.25.35.86.114.412.414.011.8
*

Estimates are considered unreliable. Data preceded by an asterisk have a relative standard error (RSE) of 20%–30%. Data not shown have an RSE of greater than 30%.

- - -

Data not available.

1

Limitation of activity is assessed by asking respondents a series of questions about limitations in their ability to perform activities usual for their age group because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem(s). The category limitation of activity includes limitations in personal care (ADL), routine needs (IADL), and other limitations due to a chronic condition. See Appendix II, Activities of daily living; Condition; Instrumental activities of daily living; Limitation of activity.

2

Includes all other races not shown separately.

3

Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using six age groups: Under 18 years, 18–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates in this table may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

4

The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

5

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 24% of persons in 1997 and 31%–34% in 1999–2006. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

6

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Starting with 2006 data, MSA status is determined using 2000 census data and the 2000 standards for defining MSAs. For data prior to 2006, See Appendix II, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) for the applicable standards.

7

These estimates are for noninstitutionalized older persons. ADL is activities of daily living and IADL is instrumental activities of daily living. Respondents were asked about needing the help of another person with personal care (ADL) and routine needs such as chores and shopping (IADL) because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem(s). See Appendix II, Activities of daily living; Condition; Instrumental activities of daily living.

8

Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using two age groups: 65–74 years and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

NOTES: Standard errors for selected years are available in the spreadsheet version of this table. Available from: http://www‚Äč.cdc.gov/nchs/hus.htm. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, family core questionnaire.

Limitation of activity is assessed by asking respondents a series of questions about limitations in their ability to perform activities usual for their age group because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem(s). The category limitation of activity includes limitations in personal care (ADL), routine needs (IADL), and other limitations due to a chronic condition. See Appendix II, Activities of daily living; Condition; Instrumental activities of daily living; Limitation of activity.

Includes all other races not shown separately.

Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using six age groups: Under 18 years, 18–44 years, 45–54 years, 55–64 years, 65–74 years, and 75 years and over. Age-adjusted estimates in this table may differ from other age-adjusted estimates based on the same data and presented elsewhere if different age groups are used in the adjustment procedure. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 2 or more races, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are tabulated according to the 1997 Revisions to the Standards for the Classification of Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity and are not strictly comparable with estimates for earlier years. The five single-race categories plus multiple-race categories shown in the table conform to the 1997 Standards. Starting with 1999 data, race-specific estimates are for persons who reported only one racial group; the category 2 or more races includes persons who reported more than one racial group. Prior to 1999, data were tabulated according to the 1977 Standards with four racial groups and the Asian only category included Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Estimates for single-race categories prior to 1999 included persons who reported one race or, if they reported more than one race, identified one race as best representing their race. Starting with 2003 data, race responses of other race and unspecified multiple race were treated as missing, and then race was imputed if these were the only race responses. Almost all persons with a race response of other race were of Hispanic origin. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin; Race.

Percent of poverty level is based on family income and family size and composition using U.S. Census Bureau poverty thresholds. Missing family income data were imputed for 24% of persons in 1997 and 31%–34% in 1999–2006. See Appendix II, Family income; Poverty.

MSA is metropolitan statistical area. Starting with 2006 data, MSA status is determined using 2000 census data and the 2000 standards for defining MSAs. For data prior to 2006, See Appendix II, Metropolitan statistical area (MSA) for the applicable standards.

These estimates are for noninstitutionalized older persons. ADL is activities of daily living and IADL is instrumental activities of daily living. Respondents were asked about needing the help of another person with personal care (ADL) and routine needs such as chores and shopping (IADL) because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem(s). See Appendix II, Activities of daily living; Condition; Instrumental activities of daily living.

Estimates are age-adjusted to the year 2000 standard population using two age groups: 65–74 years and 75 years and over. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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