Table 50

Selected notifiable disease rates and number of cases: United States, selected years 1950–2006

[Data are based on employer records from a sample of business establishments]

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Disease195019601970198019902000200420052006
Cases per 100,000 population
Diphtheria3.830.510.210.000.000.00
Haemophilus influenzae, invasive- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.510.720.780.82
Hepatitis A- - ‐- - ‐27.8712.8412.644.911.951.531.21
Hepatitis B- - ‐- - ‐4.088.398.482.952.141.781.62
Lyme disease- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐6.536.847.946.75
Meningococcal disease- - ‐- - ‐1.231.250.990.830.470.420.40
Mumps- - ‐- - ‐55.553.862.170.130.090.112.22
Pertussis (whooping cough)79.828.232.080.761.842.888.888.725.27
Poliomyelitis, total22.021.770.020.000.00
 Paralytic 1- - ‐1.400.020.000.00
Rocky Mountain spotted fever- - ‐- - ‐0.190.520.260.180.600.660.80
Rubella (German measles)- - ‐- - ‐27.751.720.450.06
Rubeola (measles)211.01245.4223.235.9611.170.030.010.020.02
Salmonellosis, excluding typhoid fever- - ‐3.8510.8414.8819.5414.5114.5115.4315.45
Shigellosis15.456.946.798.4110.898.415.035.515.23
Tuberculosis 2- - ‐30.8318.2812.2510.336.014.994.804.65
Sexually transmitted diseases: 3
 Syphilis 4146.0268.7845.2630.5154.3211.2011.3811.2312.46
  Primary and secondary16.739.0610.8912.0620.262.122.722.943.29
  Early latent39.7110.118.089.0022.193.352.652.763.10
  Late and late latent 570.2245.9124.949.3010.325.535.895.415.95
  Congenital 6368.30103.7052.307.7092.9514.299.108.248.49
 Chlamydia 7- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐160.19251.38316.51332.51347.80
 Gonorrhea 8192.50145.40297.22445.10276.43128.67112.42115.64120.90
 Chancroid3.340.940.700.301.690.030.010.010.01
Number of cases
Diphtheria5,796918435341
Haemophilus influenzae, invasive- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1,3982,0852,3042,496
Hepatitis A- - ‐- - ‐56,79729,08731,44113,3975,6834,4883,579
Hepatitis B- - ‐- - ‐8,31019,01521,1028,0366,2125,1194,713
Lyme disease- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐17,73019,80423,30519,931
Meningococcal disease- - ‐- - ‐2,5052,8402,4512,2561,3611,2451,194
Mumps- - ‐- - ‐104,9538,5765,2923382583146,584
Pertussis (whooping cough)120,71814,8094,2491,7304,5707,86725,82725,61615,632
Poliomyelitis, total33,3003,1903396
 Paralytic 1- - ‐2,52531961
Rocky Mountain spotted fever- - ‐- - ‐3801,1636514951,7131,9362,288
Rubella (German measles)- - ‐- - ‐56,5523,9041,125176101111
Rubeola (measles)319,124441,70347,35113,50627,78686376655
Salmonellosis, excluding typhoid fever- - ‐6,92922,09633,71548,60339,57442,19745,32245,808
Shigellosis23,36712,48713,84519,04127,07722,92214,62716,16815,503
Tuberculosis 2- - ‐55,49437,13727,74925,70116,37714,51714,09713,779
Sexually transmitted diseases: 3
 Syphilis 4217,558122,53891,38268,832135,59031,61833,42233,28836,935
  Primary and secondary23,93916,14521,98227,20450,5785,9797,9808,7249,756
  Early latent59,25618,01716,31120,29755,3979,4657,7688,1769,186
  Late and late latent 5113,56981,79850,34820,97925,75015,59417,30016,04917,644
  Congenital 613,3774,4161,9532773,865580374339349
 Chlamydia 7- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐323,663709,452929,462976,4451,030,911
 Gonorrhea 8286,746258,933600,0721,004,029690,042363,136330,132339,593358,366
 Chancroid4,9771,6801,4167884,21278301733

0.00 Rate greater than zero but less than 0.005.

– Quantity zero.

- - -

Data not available.

1

Cases of vaccine-associated parylytic poliomyelitis caused by polio vaccine virus.

2

Case reporting for tuberculosis began in 1953. Data prior to 1975 are not comparable with subsequent years because of changes in reporting criteria effective in 1975. 2006 data were updated through the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, NCHHSTP, as of May 25, 2007.

3

Starting with 1991, data include both civilian and military cases. Adjustments to the number of cases reported from state health departments were made for hardcopy forms and for electronic data submissions through June 22, 2007. For 1950, data for Alaska and Hawaii were not included.

4

Includes stage of syphilis not stated.

5

Includes cases of unknown duration.

6

Rates include all cases of congenitally acquired syphilis per 100,000 live births. Cases of congenitally-acquired syphilis were reported through 1994; starting with 1995 data, only congenital syphilis for cases less than one year of age were reported. See STD Surveillance Report for congenital syphilis rates per 100,000 live births.

7

Prior to 1994, chlamydia was not notifiable. In 1994–1999, cases for New York were exclusively reported by New York City. Starting with 2000 data, includes cases for the entire state.

8

Data for 1994 do not include cases from Georgia.

NOTES: The total resident population was used to calculate all rates except sexually transmitted diseases (STD), which used the civilian resident population prior to 1991. STD rates for 1990–2002 have been revised and may differ from previous editions of Health, United States. Revised rates are due to revision of population estimates to incorporate bridged single-race estimates. 2005 population estimates were used to calculate 2006 rates. See Appendix I, Population Census and Population Estimates. Population data from those states where diseases were not notifiable or not available were excluded from the rate calculation. See Appendix I, National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS), for information on underreporting of notifiable diseases. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC. Summary of notifiable diseases, United States, 2006. MMWR 2008;55(53):1–94 and CDC. Sexually transmitted disease surveillance, 2006. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2007.

– Quantity zero.

Cases of vaccine-associated parylytic poliomyelitis caused by polio vaccine virus.

Case reporting for tuberculosis began in 1953. Data prior to 1975 are not comparable with subsequent years because of changes in reporting criteria effective in 1975. 2006 data were updated through the Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, NCHHSTP, as of May 25, 2007.

Starting with 1991, data include both civilian and military cases. Adjustments to the number of cases reported from state health departments were made for hardcopy forms and for electronic data submissions through June 22, 2007. For 1950, data for Alaska and Hawaii were not included.

Includes stage of syphilis not stated.

Includes cases of unknown duration.

Rates include all cases of congenitally acquired syphilis per 100,000 live births. Cases of congenitally-acquired syphilis were reported through 1994; starting with 1995 data, only congenital syphilis for cases less than one year of age were reported. See STD Surveillance Report for congenital syphilis rates per 100,000 live births.

Prior to 1994, chlamydia was not notifiable. In 1994–1999, cases for New York were exclusively reported by New York City. Starting with 2000 data, includes cases for the entire state.

Data for 1994 do not include cases from Georgia.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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