Table 44

Death rates for homicide, by sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age: United States, selected years 1950–2005

[Data are based on death certificates]

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Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age19501,219601,21970219802199022000320042005
All personsDeaths per 100,000 resident population
All ages, age-adjusted45.15.08.810.49.45.95.96.1
All ages, crude5.04.68.110.69.96.05.96.1
Under 1 year4.44.84.35.98.49.28.07.5
1–14 years0.60.61.11.51.81.31.21.3
 1–4 years0.60.71.92.52.52.32.42.3
 5–14 years0.50.50.91.21.50.90.80.8
15–24 years5.85.611.315.419.712.612.213.0
 15–19 years3.93.97.710.516.99.59.39.9
 20–24 years8.57.715.620.222.216.015.016.1
25–44 years8.98.514.917.514.78.78.99.4
 25–34 years9.39.216.219.317.410.411.211.8
 35–44 years8.47.813.514.911.67.16.87.1
45–64 years5.05.38.79.06.34.04.14.0
 45–54 years5.96.110.011.07.54.74.84.8
 55–64 years3.94.17.17.05.03.03.02.8
65 years and over3.02.74.65.54.02.42.32.3
 65–74 years3.22.84.95.73.82.42.42.4
 75–84 years2.52.34.05.24.32.42.22.2
 85 years and over2.32.44.25.34.62.42.12.1
Male
All ages, age-adjusted47.97.514.316.614.89.09.29.6
All ages, crude7.76.813.117.115.99.39.49.8
Under 1 year4.54.74.56.38.810.48.08.2
1–14 years0.60.61.21.62.01.51.41.4
 1–4 years0.50.71.92.72.72.52.52.6
 5–14 years0.60.51.01.21.71.11.01.0
15–24 years8.68.418.224.032.520.920.422.0
 15–19 years5.55.712.115.927.815.515.316.8
 20–24 years13.511.825.632.236.926.725.427.2
25–44 years13.812.824.428.923.513.314.114.9
 25–34 years14.413.926.831.927.716.718.519.6
 35–44 years13.211.721.724.518.610.310.110.6
45–64 years8.18.114.815.210.26.06.26.2
 45–54 years9.59.416.818.411.96.97.37.6
 55–64 years6.36.412.111.88.04.64.64.3
65 years and over4.84.37.78.85.83.33.23.0
 65–74 years5.24.68.59.25.83.43.63.3
 75–84 years3.93.75.98.15.73.22.62.6
 85 years and over2.53.67.47.56.73.32.72.7
Female
All ages, age-adjusted42.42.63.74.44.02.82.52.5
All ages, crude2.42.43.44.54.22.82.52.5
Under 1 year4.24.94.15.68.07.97.96.6
1–14 years0.60.51.01.41.61.11.11.1
 1–4 years0.70.71.92.22.32.12.22.0
 5–14 years0.50.40.71.11.20.70.60.7
15–24 years3.02.84.66.66.23.93.53.4
 15–19 years2.41.93.24.95.43.13.02.5
 20–24 years3.73.86.28.27.04.74.04.3
25–44 years4.24.35.86.46.04.03.63.7
 25–34 years4.54.66.06.97.14.13.73.8
 35–44 years3.84.05.75.74.84.03.43.6
45–64 years1.92.53.13.42.82.12.11.9
 45–54 years2.32.93.74.13.22.52.42.2
 55–64 years1.42.02.52.82.31.61.61.4
65 years and over1.41.32.33.32.81.81.71.7
 65–74 years1.31.32.23.02.21.61.41.6
 75–84 years1.41.32.73.53.42.01.91.9
 85 years and over2.11.62.54.33.82.01.91.9
Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age19501,219601,21970219802199022000320042005
White male5Deaths per 100,000 resident population
All ages, age-adjusted43.83.97.210.48.35.25.35.3
All ages, crude3.63.66.610.78.85.25.35.4
Under 1 year4.33.82.94.36.48.26.96.7
1–14 years0.40.50.71.21.31.21.01.0
15–24 years3.25.07.615.115.29.910.210.6
25–44 years5.45.511.617.213.07.47.78.0
 25–34 years4.95.712.518.514.78.49.39.8
 35–44 years6.15.210.815.211.16.56.36.3
45–64 years4.84.68.39.86.94.14.34.3
65 years and over3.83.15.46.74.12.52.52.2
Black or African American male5
All ages, age-adjusted447.042.378.269.463.135.435.137.3
All ages, crude44.735.066.065.768.537.237.139.7
Under 1 year- - ‐10.314.318.621.423.314.215.9
1–14 years61.81.54.44.15.83.13.53.9
15–24 years53.843.298.382.6137.185.377.684.1
25–44 years92.880.5140.2130.0105.455.859.663.4
 25–34 years104.386.4154.5142.9123.773.981.686.2
 35–44 years80.074.4124.0109.381.238.537.940.6
45–64 years46.044.682.370.641.421.922.022.3
65 years and over16.517.333.330.925.712.811.011.9
American Indian or Alaska Native male5
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐23.316.710.711.011.3
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐23.116.610.711.512.2
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐35.425.117.017.722.1
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐39.225.717.017.816.1
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐22.114.8*7.510.8
Asian or Pacific Islander male5
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐9.17.34.33.74.4
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.37.94.43.94.6
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐9.314.97.87.810.8
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐11.39.64.63.74.9
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐10.47.06.15.14.2
Hispanic or Latino male5,7
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐27.411.811.512.1
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐31.013.413.013.6
Under 1 year- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.76.69.16.3
1–14 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.11.71.51.5
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐55.428.529.631.0
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐46.417.216.618.0
 25–34 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐50.919.920.322.3
 35–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐39.313.511.812.7
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐20.59.18.58.2
65 years and over- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐9.44.43.74.4
White, not Hispanic or Latino male7
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐5.63.63.63.5
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐5.83.63.63.6
Under 1 year- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐5.48.36.16.9
1–14 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.91.00.80.8
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐7.54.74.74.7
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.75.25.25.1
 25–34 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐9.35.25.55.4
 35–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.05.25.04.8
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐5.73.63.83.8
65 years and over- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.72.32.42.1
Sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age19501,219601,21970219802199022000320042005
White female5Deaths per 100,000 resident population
All ages, age-adjusted41.41.52.33.22.72.11.91.9
All ages, crude1.41.42.13.22.82.11.91.9
Under 1 year3.93.52.94.35.15.06.25.5
1–14 years0.40.40.71.11.00.80.80.8
15–24 years1.31.52.74.74.02.72.52.3
25–44 years2.02.13.34.23.82.92.72.8
45–64 years1.51.72.12.62.31.81.71.5
65 years and over1.21.21.92.92.21.61.61.6
Black or African American female5
All ages, age-adjusted411.111.414.713.212.57.16.36.1
All ages, crude11.510.413.213.513.47.26.46.2
Under 1 year- - ‐13.810.712.822.822.217.012.6
1–14 years61.81.23.13.34.72.72.82.3
15–24 years16.511.917.718.418.910.78.88.8
25–44 years22.522.725.322.621.011.09.49.3
45–64 years6.810.313.410.86.54.55.14.9
65 years and over3.63.07.48.09.43.52.92.9
American Indian or Alaska Native female5
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.14.63.03.04.0
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐7.74.82.93.04.0
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐ * * * * *
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐13.76.95.9 * 6.1
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐ * * * * *
Asian or Pacific Islander female5
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.12.81.71.31.6
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.12.81.71.41.6
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐ * * * * 2.8
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.63.82.21.51.7
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐ * * 2.01.81.3
Hispanic or Latina female5,7
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.32.82.32.4
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.72.82.42.5
Under 1 year- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐ * 7.47.06.6
1–14 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐1.91.01.11.0
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐8.13.73.33.6
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐6.13.73.33.4
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.32.91.91.9
65 years and over- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐ * 2.4 * *
White, not Hispanic or Latina female7
All ages, age-adjusted4- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.51.91.81.8
All ages, crude- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.51.91.81.8
Under 1 year- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐4.44.15.85.0
1–14 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐0.80.80.70.7
15–24 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.32.32.32.0
25–44 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐3.52.72.52.6
45–64 years- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.21.61.61.5
65 years and over- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐2.21.61.61.6
- - -

Data not available.

*

Rates based on fewer than 20 deaths are considered unreliable and are not shown.

1

Includes deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

2

Underlying cause of death was coded according to the Sixth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) in 1950, Seventh Revision in 1960, Eighth Revision in 1970, and Ninth Revision in 1980–1998. See Appendix II, Cause of death; Tables IV and V.

3

Starting with 1999 data, cause of death is coded according to ICD–10. See Appendix II, Cause of death, Table V; Comparability ratio, Table VI.

4

Age-adjusted rates are calculated using the year 2000 standard population. Prior to 2003, age-adjusted rates were calculated using standard million proportions based on rounded population numbers. Starting with 2003 data, unrounded population numbers are used to calculate age-adjusted rates. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

5

The race groups, white, black, Asian or Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaska Native, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Death rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and Asian or Pacific Islander populations are known to be underestimated. See Appendix II, Race, for a discussion of sources of bias in death rates by race and Hispanic origin.

6

In 1950, rate is for the age group under 15 years.

7

Prior to 1997, excludes data from states lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the death certificate. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin.

NOTES: Starting with Health, United States, 2003, rates for 1991–1999 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 census. Rates for 2000 were revised based on 2000 census counts. Rates for 2001 and later years were computed using 2000-based postcensal estimates. See Appendix I, Population Census and Population Estimates. Figures for 2001 include September 11-related deaths for which death certificates were filed as of October 24, 2002. For the period 1980–1998, homicide was coded using ICD–9 codes that are most nearly comparable with homicide codes in the 113 cause list for ICD–10. See Appendix II, Cause of death; Table V for terrorism-related ICD–10 codes. Age groups were selected to minimize the presentation of unstable age-specific death rates based on small numbers of deaths and for consistency among comparison groups. For additional injury-related statistics, see Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System, available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/ncipc/wisqars. In 2003, seven states reported multiple-race data. In 2004, 15 states reported multiple-race data. In 2005, 21 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System; Grove RD, Hetzel AM. Vital statistics rates in the United States, 1940–1960. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. 1968; numerator data from National Vital Statistics System, annual mortality files; denominator data from national population estimates for race groups from Table 1 and unpublished Hispanic population estimates for 1985–1996 prepared by the Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau; additional mortality tables are available from: http://www​.cdc.gov/nchs​/datawh/statab/unpubd/mortabs.htm; Kung H-C, Hoyert DL, Xu JQ, Murphy SL. Deaths: Final data for 2005. National vital statistics reports. Vol 56 no 10. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2008.

Rates based on fewer than 20 deaths are considered unreliable and are not shown.

Includes deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Underlying cause of death was coded according to the Sixth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) in 1950, Seventh Revision in 1960, Eighth Revision in 1970, and Ninth Revision in 1980–1998. See Appendix II, Cause of death; Tables IV and V.

Starting with 1999 data, cause of death is coded according to ICD–10. See Appendix II, Cause of death, Table V; Comparability ratio, Table VI.

Age-adjusted rates are calculated using the year 2000 standard population. Prior to 2003, age-adjusted rates were calculated using standard million proportions based on rounded population numbers. Starting with 2003 data, unrounded population numbers are used to calculate age-adjusted rates. See Appendix II, Age adjustment.

The race groups, white, black, Asian or Pacific Islander, and American Indian or Alaska Native, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Death rates for the American Indian or Alaska Native and Asian or Pacific Islander populations are known to be underestimated. See Appendix II, Race, for a discussion of sources of bias in death rates by race and Hispanic origin.

In 1950, rate is for the age group under 15 years.

Prior to 1997, excludes data from states lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the death certificate. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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