Table 4

Crude birth rates, fertility rates, and birth rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin of mother: United States, selected years 1950–2005

[Data are based on birth certificates]

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Age of mother
15–19 years
Race, Hispanic origin, and yearCrude birth rate1Fertility rate210–14 yearsTotal15–17 years18–19 years20–24 years25–29 years30–34 years35–39 years40–44 years45–54 years3
All racesLive births per 1,000 women
195024.1106.21.081.640.7132.7196.6166.1103.752.915.11.2
196023.7118.00.889.143.9166.7258.1197.4112.756.215.50.9
197018.487.91.268.338.8114.7167.8145.173.331.78.10.5
198015.968.41.153.032.582.1115.1112.961.919.83.90.2
198515.866.31.251.031.079.6108.3111.069.124.04.00.2
199016.770.91.459.937.588.6116.5120.280.831.75.50.2
199514.664.61.356.035.587.7107.5108.881.134.06.60.3
200014.465.90.947.726.978.1109.7113.591.239.78.00.5
200314.166.10.641.622.470.7102.6115.695.143.88.70.5
200414.066.30.741.122.170.0101.7115.595.345.48.90.5
200514.066.70.740.521.469.9102.2115.595.846.39.10.6
Race of child:4 White
195023.0102.30.470.031.3120.5190.4165.1102.651.414.51.0
196022.7113.20.479.435.5154.6252.8194.9109.654.014.70.8
197017.484.10.557.429.2101.5163.4145.971.930.07.50.4
198014.964.70.644.725.272.1109.5112.460.418.53.40.2
Race of mother:5 White
198015.165.60.645.425.573.2111.1113.861.218.83.50.2
198515.064.10.643.324.470.4104.1112.369.923.33.70.2
199015.868.30.750.829.578.0109.8120.781.731.55.20.2
199514.163.60.849.529.680.2104.7111.783.334.26.40.3
200013.965.30.643.223.372.3106.6116.794.640.27.90.4
200313.666.10.538.319.866.2100.6119.599.344.88.70.5
200413.566.10.537.719.565.099.2118.699.146.48.90.5
200513.466.30.537.018.964.799.2118.399.347.39.00.6
Race of child:4 Black or African American
196031.9153.54.3156.1- - ‐- - ‐295.4218.6137.173.921.91.1
197025.3115.45.2140.7101.4204.9202.7136.379.641.912.51.0
198022.188.14.3100.073.6138.8146.3109.162.924.55.80.3
Race of mother:5 Black or African American
198021.384.94.397.872.5135.1140.0103.959.923.55.60.3
198520.478.84.595.469.3132.4135.0100.257.923.94.60.3
199022.486.84.9112.882.3152.9160.2115.568.728.15.50.3
199517.871.04.194.468.5135.0133.795.663.028.46.00.3
200017.070.02.377.449.0118.8141.3100.365.431.57.20.4
200315.766.31.663.838.2103.7126.1100.466.533.27.70.5
200416.067.61.663.337.2104.4127.7103.667.934.07.90.5
200516.269.01.762.035.5104.9129.9105.970.335.38.50.5
American Indian or Alaska Native mothers5
198020.782.71.982.251.5129.5143.7106.661.828.18.2 *
198519.878.61.779.247.7124.1139.1109.662.627.46.0 *
199018.976.21.681.148.5129.3148.7110.361.527.55.9 *
199515.363.01.672.944.6122.2123.191.656.524.35.5 *
200014.058.71.158.334.197.1117.291.855.524.65.70.3
200313.858.41.053.130.687.3110.093.557.425.45.50.4
200414.058.90.952.530.087.0109.792.858.026.86.00.2
200514.259.90.952.730.587.6109.293.860.127.06.00.3
Age of mother
15–19 years
Race, Hispanic origin, and yearCrude birth rate1Fertility rate210–14 yearsTotal15–17 years18–19 years20–24 years25–29 years30–34 years35–39 years40–44 years45–54 years3
Asian or Pacific Islander mothers5Live births per 1,000 women
198019.973.20.326.212.046.293.3127.496.038.38.50.7
198518.768.40.423.812.540.883.6123.093.642.78.71.2
199019.069.60.726.416.040.279.2126.3106.549.610.71.1
199516.762.60.725.515.640.164.2103.7102.350.111.80.8
200017.165.80.320.511.632.660.3108.4116.559.012.60.8
200316.866.30.217.48.829.859.6108.5114.659.913.50.9
200416.867.10.217.38.929.659.8108.6116.962.113.61.0
200516.566.60.217.08.230.161.1107.9115.061.813.81.0
Hispanic or Latina mothers5,6
198023.595.41.782.252.1126.9156.4132.183.239.910.60.7
199026.7107.72.4100.365.9147.7181.0153.098.345.310.90.7
199524.198.82.699.368.3145.4171.9140.490.543.710.70.6
200023.195.91.787.355.5132.6161.3139.997.146.611.50.6
200322.996.91.382.349.7132.0163.4144.4102.050.812.20.7
200422.997.81.382.649.7133.5165.3145.6104.152.912.40.7
200523.199.41.381.748.5134.6170.0149.2106.854.213.00.8
White, not Hispanic or Latina mothers5,6
198014.262.40.441.222.467.7105.5110.659.917.73.00.1
199014.462.80.542.523.266.697.5115.379.430.04.70.2
199512.557.50.439.322.066.290.2105.181.532.85.90.3
200012.258.50.332.615.857.591.2109.493.238.87.30.4
200311.858.50.227.412.450.083.5110.897.643.28.10.5
200411.658.40.226.712.048.781.9110.097.144.88.20.5
200511.558.30.225.911.548.081.4109.196.945.68.30.5
Black or African American, not Hispanic or Latina mothers5,6
198022.990.74.6105.177.2146.5152.2111.765.225.85.80.3
199023.089.05.0116.284.9157.5165.1118.470.228.75.60.3
199518.272.84.297.270.4139.2137.898.564.428.86.10.3
200017.371.42.479.250.1121.9145.4102.866.531.87.20.4
200315.967.11.664.738.7105.3128.1102.167.433.47.70.5
200415.867.01.663.137.1103.9126.9103.067.433.77.80.5
200515.767.21.760.934.9103.0126.8103.068.434.38.20.5
- - -

Data not available.

*

Rates based on fewer than 20 births are considered unreliable and are not shown.

1

Live births per 1,000 population.

2

Total number of live births regardless of age of mother per 1,000 women 15–44 years of age.

3

Prior to 1997, data are for live births to mothers 45–49 years of age per 1,000 women 45–49 years of age. Starting with 1997 data, rates are for live births to mothers 45–54 years of age per 1,000 women 45–49 years of age. See Appendix II, Age.

4

Live births are tabulated by race of child. See Appendix II, Race, Birth File.

5

Live births are tabulated by race and/or Hispanic origin of mother. See Appendix II, Race, Birth File.

6

Prior to 1993, data from states lacking an Hispanic-origin item on the birth certificate were excluded. See Appendix II, Hispanic origin. Rates in 1985 were not calculated because estimates for the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations were not available.

NOTES: Data are based on births adjusted for underregistration for 1950 and on registered births for all other years. Starting with 1970 data, births to persons who were not residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia are excluded. Starting with Health, United States, 2003, rates for 1991–1999 were revised using intercensal population estimates based on the 2000 census. Rates for 2000 were computed using the 2000 census counts and starting in 2001 rates were computed using 2000-based postcensal estimates. See Appendix I, Population Census and Population Estimates. The race groups, white, black, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander, include persons of Hispanic and non-Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Starting with 2003 data, some states reported multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 Office of Management and Budget standards for comparability with other states. See Appendix II, Race. Interpretation of trend data should take into consideration expansion of reporting areas and immigration. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System, Birth File. Martin JA, Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, Ventura SJ, Menacker F, Kirmeyer S, Munson ML. Births: Final data for 2005. National vital statistics reports. vol 56 no 6. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2007; Hamilton BE, Sutton PD, Ventura SJ. Revised birth and fertility rates for the 1990s and new rates for Hispanic populations, 2000 and 2001: United States. National vital statistics reports. vol 51 no 12. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2003; Ventura SJ. Births of Hispanic parentage, 1980 and 1985. Monthly vital statistics report. vol 32 no 6 and vol 36 no 11, suppl. Public Health Service. Hyattsville, MD. 1983 and 1988; Internet release of Vital statistics of the United States, 2000, vol 1, natality, tables 1––1 and 1–7; available from: www​.cdc.gov/nchs/datawh​/statab/unpubd/natality/natab2000.htm.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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