Table 21

Infant mortality rates, fetal mortality rates, and perinatal mortality rates, by race: United States, selected years 1950–2005

[Data are based on death certificates, fetal death records, and birth certificates]

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Neonatal1
Race and yearInfant1Under 28 daysUnder 7 daysPostneonatal1Fetal mortality rate2Late fetal mortality rate3Perinatal mortality rate4
All racesDeaths per 1,000 live births
1950529.220.517.88.718.414.932.5
1960526.018.716.77.315.812.128.6
197020.015.113.64.914.09.523.0
198012.68.57.14.19.16.213.2
19909.25.84.83.47.54.39.1
19957.64.94.02.77.03.67.6
19997.14.73.82.36.73.47.1
20006.94.63.72.36.63.37.0
20016.84.53.62.36.53.36.9
20027.04.73.72.36.43.26.9
20036.94.63.72.26.23.06.7
20046.84.53.62.3- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
20056.94.53.62.3- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
Race of child:6 White
1950526.819.417.17.416.613.330.1
1960522.917.215.65.713.910.826.2
197017.813.812.54.012.38.621.0
198011.07.56.23.58.15.711.9
Race of mother:7 White
198010.97.46.13.58.15.711.8
19907.64.83.92.86.43.87.7
19956.34.13.32.25.93.36.5
19995.83.93.11.95.73.06.1
20005.73.83.01.95.62.95.9
20015.73.83.01.95.52.95.9
20025.83.93.11.95.52.85.9
20035.73.93.11.85.22.75.8
20045.73.83.01.9- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
20055.73.83.01.9- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
Race of child:6 Black or African American
1950543.927.823.016.132.1- - ‐- - ‐
1960544.327.823.716.5- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
197032.622.820.39.923.2- - ‐34.5
198021.414.111.97.314.48.920.7
Race of mother:7 Black or African American
198022.214.612.37.614.79.121.3
199018.011.69.76.413.36.716.4
199515.19.88.25.312.75.713.8
199914.69.87.94.812.65.413.2
200014.19.47.64.712.45.413.0
200114.09.27.64.812.15.312.8
200214.49.57.84.811.95.212.8
200314.09.47.54.612.05.112.4
200413.89.17.34.7- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
200513.79.17.34.7- - ‐- - ‐- - ‐
- - -

Data not available.

1

Infant (under 1 year of age), neonatal (under 28 days), early neonatal (under 7 days), and postneonatal (28 days–11 months).

2

Number of fetal deaths of 20 weeks or more gestation per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths.

3

Number of fetal deaths of 28 weeks or more gestation (late fetal deaths) per 1,000 live births plus late fetal deaths.

4

Number of late fetal deaths plus infant deaths within 7 days of birth per 1,000 live births plus late fetal deaths.

5

Includes births and deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

6

Infant deaths, live births, and fetal deaths are tabulated by race of child. See Appendix II, Race.

7

Infant deaths are tabulated by race of decedent; fetal deaths and live births are tabulated by race of mother. See Appendix II, Race.

NOTES: Infant mortality rates in this table are based on infant deaths from the mortality file (numerator) and live births from the natality file (denominator). Inconsistencies in reporting race for the same infant between the birth and death certificate can result in underestimated infant mortality rates for races other than white or black. Infant mortality rates for minority population groups are available from the Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set and are presented in Tables 1920 and 2324. Data for additional years are available. See Appendix III.

SOURCES: CDC/NCHS, National Vital Statistics System: Kung H-C, Hoyert DL, Xu JQ, Murphy SL. Deaths: Final data for 2005. National vital statistics reports. vol 56 no 10. Hyattsville, MD: NCHS. 2008 and unpublished numbers.

Infant (under 1 year of age), neonatal (under 28 days), early neonatal (under 7 days), and postneonatal (28 days–11 months).

Number of fetal deaths of 20 weeks or more gestation per 1,000 live births plus fetal deaths.

Number of fetal deaths of 28 weeks or more gestation (late fetal deaths) per 1,000 live births plus late fetal deaths.

Number of late fetal deaths plus infant deaths within 7 days of birth per 1,000 live births plus late fetal deaths.

Includes births and deaths of persons who were not residents of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Infant deaths, live births, and fetal deaths are tabulated by race of child. See Appendix II, Race.

Infant deaths are tabulated by race of decedent; fetal deaths and live births are tabulated by race of mother. See Appendix II, Race.

From: Trend Tables

Cover of Health, United States, 2008
Health, United States, 2008: With Special Feature on the Health of Young Adults.
National Center for Health Statistics (US) .
Hyattsville (MD): National Center for Health Statistics (US); 2009 Mar.

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