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Forum on Global Violence Prevention; Board on Global Health; Institute of Medicine; National Research Council. The Evidence for Violence Prevention Across the Lifespan and Around the World: Workshop Summary. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2014 Mar 18.

Cover of The Evidence for Violence Prevention Across the Lifespan and Around the World

The Evidence for Violence Prevention Across the Lifespan and Around the World: Workshop Summary.

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Appendix BSpeaker Biographical Sketches

Michelle Bachelet, M.D., is the first under-secretary-general and executive director of UN Women, which was established in 2010 by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly. UN Women advances women's empowerment and gender equality worldwide in partnership with governments, civil society, the private sector, and the UN system. Prior to joining UN Women, Dr. Bachelet served as President of Chile from 2006 to 2010. She also held ministerial portfolios in the Chilean government as Minister of Defense and Minister of Health. Dr. Bachelet is a long-time champion of women's rights, and has advocated for gender equality and women's empowerment throughout her career.

Katrina Baum, Ph.D. (Forum Member), is the senior research officer in the Office of Research Partnerships at the National Institute of Justice (NIJ). During her decade of public service in the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), she held positions as the division director of NIJ's Violence and Victimization Research Division; senior statistician at the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS); and grant technician at the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. She represented BJS at a UN Meeting of Crime Experts, and has published numerous government reports using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey on topics such as juvenile victims and offenders, college students, and school crime as well as groundbreaking studies on identity theft and stalking. Prior to joining DOJ, Dr. Baum managed a variety of research projects in criminal justice. While working at the Cartographic Modeling Lab in Philadelphia, she developed the Firearms Analysis System, which is a geographic information system used to track firearm-related injuries using data from the Philadelphia Police Department and the National Tracing Center of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Early in her career, she completed a statewide evaluation of community policing in Massachusetts, and was a local evaluator for Weed & Seed and Safe Schools/Healthy Students grants in Philadelphia. She earned her B.A. in law and society from the University of California, Santa Barbara, M.S. from Northeastern University's College of Criminal Justice, and Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania's School of Social Policy and Practice.

Mark A. Bellis, OBE, is director of the Centre for Public Health at Liverpool John Moores University, a World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Violence Prevention. He also directs the North West Public Health Observatory, the lead UK observatory for public health intelligence on alcohol, drugs, and violence. Professor Bellis leads on alcohol issues for the UK Faculty of Public Health and sits on the Advisory Board for injury and violence prevention to the director general of WHO. He has acted as expert advisor on substance use, sexual health, and violence prevention to many organizations, including the United Nations, Council of Europe, European Public Health Alliance, and European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction.

Neil Boothby, Ph.D., is the U.S. government special advisor and senior coordinator on Children in Adversity. In this role, Dr. Boothby fulfills the legislative mandate set forth in Public Law 109-05: the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005, which calls for a coordinated, comprehensive, and effective response on the part of the U.S. government to the world's most vulnerable children. In addition to his interagency coordination efforts, Dr. Boothby will serve as the U.S. Agency for International Development's (USAID's) senior expert on children and adversity. Dr. Boothby is taking a leave of absence from Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health, where he is the Allan Rosenfield Professor of Clinical Forced Migration and Health. His research focuses on the developmental outcomes of children growing up in abject poverty, war, and other adverse environments.

James R. Bueermann, M.A., was appointed president of the Police Foundation—America's oldest nonpartisan, nonprofit police research organization—in September 2012. Prior to his appointment, he served as an Executive Fellow at NIJ for a year. From 1978 to 2011, he was a member of the Redlands (California) Police Department, where he served his last 13 years as the chief of police and director of housing, recreation, and senior services. He holds a bachelor's degree from California State University at San Bernardino and a master's degree from the University of Redlands. In addition, he is a graduate of the Federal Bureau of Investigation's National Academy in Quantico, Virginia, and the California Command College.

Brian Bumbarger, M.Ed., is founding director of the Evidence-based Prevention and Intervention Support Center (EPISCenter) at The Pennsylvania State University (Penn State). The EPISCenter is among the world's first centers dedicated to the study and practice of scaling up effective interventions for preventing delinquency and youth drug use and for promoting positive youth development. Mr. Bumbarger has worked for more than a decade to research and support more than 200 replications of evidence-based programs in trials and natural conditions, focusing on issues of dissemination, high-quality implementation, sustainability, community engagement, and cost–benefit analysis. He also leads the Dissemination and Implementation (Translational Research) Unit at Penn State's Prevention Research Center; is an Adjunct Research Fellow at the Key Centre for Law, Justice, Ethics, and Governance at Griffith University (Queensland, Australia); and is a member of the Board of Directors of the international Society for Prevention Research.

Thomas Cabus is an art director, graphic designer and photographer. Originally from Paris, France, he currently splits his time between San Francisco and New York. His clients range from large corporations (such as Oracle and Orange) to film campaigns, government bodies, and cultural organizations.

Jacquelyn C. Campbell, Ph.D., R.N. (Forum Co-Chair), is the Anna D. Wolf Chair and a professor in the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) School of Nursing, with a joint appointment in the Bloomberg School of Public Health. She is one of the inaugural Gilman Scholars at JHU. She is also the national program director of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars program. Dr. Campbell has been conducting advocacy policy work and research in the area of violence against women since 1980, with 12 major federally funded research grants and more than 220 articles and 7 books. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) and the American Academy of Nursing as well as chair of the Board of Directors of Futures Without Violence. She served on the Department of Defense Task Force on Domestic Violence and has provided consultation to the Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), WHO, and USAID. She received the National Friends of the NINR Research Pathfinder Award, the Sigma Theta Tau International Nurse Researcher Award, and the American Society of Criminology Vollmer Award for advancing justice. Dr. Campbell co-chaired the Steering Committee for the WHO Multi-country study on Violence Against Women and Women's Health. She has been appointed to three IOM/NAS committees evaluating evidence in various aspects of violence against women. She currently serves on the IOM Board on Global Health and co-chairs the IOM Forum on Global Violence Prevention. She is also a member of the Fulbright Specialist Roster and does work in collaboration with shelters, governments, criminal justice agencies, schools of nursing, and health care settings in countries such as Australia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, New Zealand, South Africa, and Spain.

Patricia Campie, Ph.D., a principal researcher at American Institutes for Research (AIR), is responsible for overseeing and providing quality control for the management of all research, evaluation, and data-related services, training, and technical assistance for the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) State Training and Technical Assistance Center (STTAC). Dr. Campie also acts as project director for the Investing in What Works project, a federal initiative aimed at developing and promoting best practice supports for implementing evidence-based and evidence-informed programs to their greatest effect. She is also a senior design team member and lead evaluator for developing grantee evaluation capacity on the OJJDP cross-site evaluation of the Mentoring Enhancement Demonstration Program. This randomized controlled study involves 10 collaborative partnership grantees at more than 30 sites across the country implementing innovative mentoring programming. Dr. Campie is also co-leading a four-state implementation of Project Combine, a unique substance abuse treatment and mentoring intervention approach used with young offenders sentenced to juvenile drug courts in Arizona, Colorado, Virginia, and Washington. Immediately prior to joining AIR, Dr. Campie served as director for the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ). In that role she oversaw the management, finances, staffing, and deliverables for all of NCJJ's work, which included the National Juvenile Court Data Archive, the State Technical Assistance and Training Center, the MacArthur Foundation's Models for Change national juvenile justice reform project, and other national and subnational juvenile justice initiatives. During this time, she served as the project director for the valuation of the National Resource Center for Legal and Judicial Issues, funded by the Children's Bureau to help legal and child welfare systems work more effectively together, and she oversaw the Pennsylvania Quality Improvement Initiative, a 3-year statewide effort as part of Pennsylvania's Evidence Based Practice Resource Center to provide training and technical assistance to providers to improve the quality of implementation of their evidence-informed programs.

Julia M. da Silva is the director of the American Psychological Association Violence Prevention Office. She is responsible for the conceptualization, development, implementation, evaluation, and management of programs and projects on violence prevention and treatment, and the administrative operations of that office. This includes oversight and direction of new and ongoing programs; conceptualization and oversight of complex, multisite programs and projects; organization of Web-based and in-person seminars; presentations at conferences and meetings; partnerships with national, state, and local partners; coordination of staff and consultants; management of budget expenses; and fundraising and relationship with a variety of funders. Ms. da Silva has provided leadership for projects addressing behavioral science and public health, violence prevention, women's issues, professional development, vocational education, and adult literacy. With assistance from national experts, Ms. da Silva developed and is the national director for (1) the ACT Raising Safe Kids Program launched in 2000, an early violence prevention parenting program in nearly 100 U.S. sites and 5 countries, and (2) the Effective Providers for Child Victims of Violence Program funded by the DOJ Office for Victims of Crime. The latter program was launched in 2011 to disseminate information on trauma-focused assessment tools and evidence-based treatment to professionals providing services to victimized children. She has a bachelor's degree in Psychology from Catholic University, Sao Paulo, Brazil, and a graduate degree in sociology and Latin American studies from the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle-Paris III in France.

Dina Deligiorgis, M.I.A., has a diverse background and years of activism devoted to human rights and social justice, from working on health issues in rural communities of Brazil, to education issues for U.S. inner city schools to development projects across Ghana. For the past 5 years, she has focused her practice on women's rights and gender equality, supporting initiatives at the World Bank, United Nations Population Fund, and United Nations Development Fund for Women. Ms. Deligiorgis is currently the knowledge management specialist for the Ending Violence against Women Section at UN Women, where she has been managing the development of a first-ever global programming support site, The Virtual Knowledge Centre to End Violence against Women and Girls, that provides practitioners with step-bystep guidance on how to design, implement, and monitor effective policies and programs; it includes a database of more than 800 tools in more than 60 languages.

Virginia Dolan, M.A., Ed.D., has spent more than 30 years in education in multiple roles employed in five school systems in four states, as a middle school teacher and special education teacher of adjudicated adolescents with emotional disabilities, school psychologist, and central office administrator. Since moving to Maryland, she spent 15 years as a school psychologist throughout Anne Arundel County Public Schools, grades Pre-K through 12, among the 40th largest U.S. school systems, with nearly 80,000 students, 125 schools, more than 6,000 students, and nearly a billion-dollar budget. In this capacity, in addition to providing psychological services to students and professional development to support student challenges with learning and behavior, she provided and led Trauma Response Teams in critical incidents as needed. She worked on a variety of district, local, and state committees to address barriers to learning, and was president of the Maryland School Psychologists' Association and acting coordinator of Psychological Services. Since 2000, she has been primarily involved with violence prevention in the district, state, and national levels within the full continuum of student behavioral supports and interventions, in partnership with the Maryland State Department of Education, JHU, and Sheppard Health Systems through Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS). As the implementation fidelity increased, also known as “multi-tiered systems of support,” the system has scaled up PBIS. She is currently coordinator of Behavioral Supports and Interventions for the district, supporting students and staff. She has consulted with school systems throughout Maryland as well as nationally about the critical features for full-fidelity implementation.

Thomas E. Feucht, Ph.D., is executive senior science advisor at NIJ, DOJ. He has been a member of the federal government's Senior Executive Service since 2005. Dr. Feucht has been with NIJ since 1994, where he has served as chief of the Crime Control and Prevention Division; associate deputy director for research and evaluation; and NIJ's deputy director for research and evaluation and head of the Office of Research and Evaluation. As part of his work for NIJ, Dr. Feucht serves on the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences Subcommittee of the National Science and Technology Council Committee on Science, of the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. From 1998 to 2000, Dr. Feucht served as chief of staff to the Attorney General's Methamphetamine Interagency Task Force, established as part of the 1996 Methamphetamine Control Act. He has conducted and published research in policy and practice; policing and terrorism; substance abuse; intravenous drug use, HIV, and prostitution; prison drug use; and school violence. From 1987 to 1994, Dr. Feucht served on the faculty at Cleveland State University in the Sociology Department and the College of Urban Affairs. Dr. Feucht received his doctorate in sociology in 1986 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill with an emphasis on quantitative research methods and statistics.

Dean L. Fixsen, Ph.D., began his career in human services as a psychiatric aide in a large state hospital for children with profound developmental delays. He has spent his career developing and implementing evidence-based programs, initiating and managing change processes in provider organizations and service delivery systems, and working with others to improve the lives of children, families, and adults. Dr. Fixsen was co-director of the research group that produced the Teaching-Family Model, an early version of an evidence-based program (45 years and counting) and one of the few that has national certification standards for practitioners and for organizations using the Model. He is co-author of the highly regarded monograph Implementation Research: A Synthesis of the Literature. He has served on numerous editorial boards and has advised federal, state, and local governments. He is a senior scientist at the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; co-director (with Karen Blase) of the National Implementation Research Network; co-director (with Karen Blase, Rob Horner, and George Sugai) of the State Implementation and Scaling up of Evidence-based Practices Center; co-chair (with Jennifer Schroeder, Bianca Albers, and Deborah Ghate) of the Global Implementation Conference; co-founder (with Jennifer Schroeder and Melissa DeRosier) of the Global Implementation Initiative; and a member of the founding Board of Editors of the journal Implementation Science. Dr. Fixsen received his doctorate in experimental psychology from the University of Kansas in 1970.

Julie Meeks Gardner, Ph.D., is professor of child development and nutrition, and head of the Caribbean Child Development Centre, within the Consortium for Social Development and Research of the University of the West Indies, Open Campus. Her work has focused on nutritional status and child development of children in difficult circumstances, and on issues of children and violence, including the development of aggression and violence among children, interventions that reduce violence and aggression, children's involvement in gangs, and the effects of violence on children in the Caribbean. She was the lead researcher on the Caribbean Region report on Violence against Children for the UN Secretary General's Global Report. Professor Meeks has published widely in international research journals, several book chapter and technical reports, and a number of books and monographs both authored and edited. She serves as campus coordinator for graduate studies and research. She was the recipient of the Vice Chancellor's Award for Excellence in Research and Public Service, 2011.

Joan Serra Hoffman, Ph.D., a U.S., Brazilian, and Portuguese national, is a violence prevention specialist with 20 years of experience in policy design, implementation, research, and network building, with a focus on bridging the gap between researchers and practitioners, and promoting the integration of research-based approaches in community settings. She has served as an advisor to governments, multilateral and bilateral organizations, and universities in the Americas, participating in the development of citizen security and violence prevention initiatives in 12 countries in the region. Previously, at CDC, Dr. Serra Hoffman provided policy and scientific oversight of the National Academic Centers of Excellence on Youth Violence Prevention. Additionally, she was the founding co-director of the Inter-American Coalition for the Prevention of Violence, and the director of the U.S. National Network of Violence Prevention Practitioners. Dr. Serra Hoffman began her work as a youth and community development specialist and special scientist with the Boston Violence Prevention Project; her program development efforts were described in the Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, the Nation's Health, the Alternative Dispute Resolution Report, Dispute Resolution Journal, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Dr. Serra Hoffman received her Ph.D. in social policy from The Heller School, Brandeis University. She was selected as a Next Generation Leadership Fellow by the Rockefeller Foundation, and has served on the national and international boards of organizations providing gang victim services, and advancing comprehensive violence prevention initiatives, including President Clinton's National Campaign Against Youth Violence. She has authored many publications, including Beyond Suppression: Global Perspectives on Youth Violence (Praeger Press, Global Crime and Justice, 2011).

Carol M. Kurzig is president of the Avon Foundation for Women. Previously, she was president of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society's New York City chapter and director of public services and assistant to the president at the Foundation Center. She was a director and served as board chair of the Support Center for Nonprofit Management and currently serves as a vice chair of the Nonprofit Coordinating Committee Board of Directors. The Avon Foundation for Women was created in 1955 to “improve the lives of women” and is now the leading corporate-affiliated global philanthropy dedicated to women. Through 2009, Avon global philanthropy raised and awarded more than $725 million, all of which focused on women and their families (primarily for breast cancer, domestic violence, and emergency and disaster relief). Avon currently supports breast cancer and domestic violence programs in more than 50 countries. The foundation's grant-making programs include the Avon Breast Cancer Crusade, with goals to accelerate research and ensure access to care; women's empowerment programs, with an emphasis on domestic violence through its Speak Out Against Domestic Violence program; and special programs in response to national and international emergencies. Its extensive fundraising programs include the nine-city Avon Walk for Breast Cancer series and special events to raise awareness and funds for gender violence programs.

Mary Lou Leary, J.D., M.Ed., was appointed acting assistant attorney general on March 1, 2012. As head of the Office of Justice Programs (OJP), she oversees an annual budget of more than $2 billion dedicated to supporting state, local, and tribal criminal justice agencies; an array of juvenile justice programs; a wide range of research, evaluation, and statistical efforts; and comprehensive services for crime victims. Prior to her appointment, she served as principal deputy assistant attorney general. Ms. Leary has 30 years of criminal justice experience at the federal, state, and local levels, with an extensive background in criminal prosecution, government leadership, and victim advocacy. Before joining OJP in 2009, she was executive director of the National Center for Victims of Crime, a leading victim advocacy organization in Washington, DC. She also served in leadership roles at the Office of the U.S. Attorney for the District of Columbia, holding posts as principal assistant U.S. attorney, senior counsel to the U.S. attorney, chief of the office's Superior Court Division, and U.S. Attorney. From 1999 to 2001, she held several executive positions at DOJ, including acting assistant attorney general for OJP, deputy associate attorney general, and acting director of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services. In addition to her years as a federal prosecutor, Ms. Leary prosecuted crimes on the state and local levels as assistant district attorney in Middlesex County, Massachusetts. She received a bachelor's degree in English literature from Syracuse University, a master's degree in education from Ohio State University, and a law degree from Northeastern University School of Law.

Daniela Ligiero, Ph.D., serves as the senior advisor for gender at the Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) at the U.S. Department of State, leading the inclusion of gender issues in HIV prevention, treatment, and care. Dr. Ligiero is also one of the three co-chairs for the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) Gender Technical Working Group. Before joining OGAC in 2010, she held a previous appointment at OGAC, working as country support team lead for Guyana and Haiti, as well as team lead for the Caribbean and Latin America. Dr. Ligiero has worked as a health and gender advisor in various positions. She served as a consultant for the World Bank, where she developed a strategy to integrate gender issues into HIV programming through the Multi-country AIDS Program. She was an American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow in the U.S. Senate, where she worked as a health advisor for Senator Jeff Bingaman (D-NM), focusing on Global Fund issues and Hispanic health. More recently, before returning to OGAC, Dr. Ligiero served as the chief of HIV/AIDS and senior program officer for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) in Brazil. She has also worked as a clinician, offering psychological counseling for survivors of gender-based violence. Dr. Ligiero has a Ph.D. in counseling and community psychology from the University of Maryland, College Park, with a focus on gender issues, HIV, and public health.

Mark W. Lipsey, Ph.D., is director of the Peabody Research Institute and a research professor at Vanderbilt University. His research activities include meta-analysis of longitudinal studies that identify predictive risk factors for adverse outcomes among children and youth; meta-analysis of prevention and intervention studies for those adverse outcomes; evaluation of social and educational programs for at-risk children; application of research findings to improve program practice; and methodological quality in program evaluation research. Professor Lipsey is a member of the Tennessee Criminal Justice Coordinating Council and the Science Advisory Board for the federal OJP, chairing the OJJDP Subcommittee. He is co-editor of Research Synthesis Methods and co-editor-in-chief of Campbell Systematic Reviews, and his published work includes textbooks on evaluation research and meta-analysis.

Jacqueline Lloyd, Ph.D., M.S.W. (Forum Member), is a health scientist administrator in the Prevention Research Branch in the Division of Epidemiology, Services, and Prevention Research at the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) within the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Her program areas at NIDA include screening and brief interventions, youth at risk for HIV/AIDS, environmental interventions, peer interventions, women and gender research, and health communications research. Prior to joining NIDA, Dr. Lloyd held faculty positions at Temple University in the School of Social Administration and at the University of Maryland School of Social Work. She has taught courses in research methods, health, and mental health human behavior theory. Her own research activities have included evaluation of a community-based youth prevention program; investigation of HIV risk behaviors and substance use among youth; and investigation of the role of family, peer, and social network contextual factors on risk behaviors and treatment outcomes among youth and injecting drug users. Her many publications include “HIV Risk Behaviors: Risky Sexual Activities and Needle Use Among Adolescents in Substance Abuse Treatment” (AIDS and Behavior, 2010) and “The Relationship Between Lifetime Abuse and Suicidal Ideation in a Sample of Injection Drug Users” (Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 2007).

Harriet MacMillan, M.D., M.Sc., is a psychiatrist and pediatrician conducting family violence research. She is a member of the Offord Centre for Child Studies, and professor in the departments of psychiatry and behavioral neurosciences as well as pediatrics at McMaster University. She also holds associate memberships in the departments of clinical epidemiology and biostatistics, and psychology. Dr. MacMillan holds the David R. (Dan) Offord Chair in Child Studies. From 1993 until 2004, she was the founding director of the Child Advocacy and Assessment Program at McMaster Children's Hospital, a multidisciplinary program committed to reducing the burden of suffering associated with family violence. Her research focuses on the epidemiology of violence against children and women; she has led randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of approaches to preventing child maltreatment and intimate partner violence. Funding for this work has been provided by organizations such as the WT Grant Foundation, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Brain & Behavior Research Foundation (formerly NARSAD), and CDC. Dr. MacMillan is the Principal Investigator of a CIHR-funded Centre for Research Development in Gender, Mental Health, and Violence across the Lifespan (PreVAiL: http://www.prevailresearch.ca). PreVAiL is an international network of researchers in the areas of mental health, gender, and violence, and of partner organizations with service, research, and policy mandates in these areas.

Tammy L. Mann, Ph.D., has worked in the nonprofit sector in agencies devoted to improving outcomes for minorities and low-income children and families for more than 20 years. At the outset of her career, she worked on the frontlines as a psychologist, providing home-visiting services to low-income pregnant women and families with children under age 3. Throughout much of her career, she has worked at the senior management level in organizations to shape strategic direction and to develop and expand programs. She currently serves as president and CEO of The Campagna Center in Alexandria, Virginia. The Campagna Center serves more than 1,700 children and operates a range of early childhood, school age, and youth development programs designed to empower and engage parents as they address their children's academic and social needs. Dr. Mann has played an active role in shaping the field of early childhood development through numerous service opportunities. Recently she was appointed Commissioner of the Collaborative Commission on Children, Youth, and Families in Alexandria, where she serves as the Commission's first elected chair. She was also recently elected to serve on the Governing Board of the National Association for the Education of Young Children and is an affiliate associate professor in the College of Education and Human Development at George Mason University.

Jennifer L. Matjasko, Ph.D., M.P.P., is an acting lead behavioral scientist in the Research and Evaluation Branch in the Division of Violence Prevention at CDC. She has served as an assistant professor in the Department of Human Ecology at the University of Texas at Austin and as a senior researcher at Edvance Research, Inc./REL Southwest. Her research interests focus on the development of at-risk adolescents and the factors that promote their health and well-being. Her research emphasizes the use of ecological, life-course, and person-centered approaches in understanding the relationships among individual, family, school, and community factors and adolescent functioning in order to inform prevention, intervention, and policy efforts targeted to at-risk youth. Dr. Matjasko has also worked with school districts across the state of Texas on developing an early warning system that identifies students at risk of academic failure. In addition, she has worked on the evaluations of academic programs for low-income students and with New York City's Department of Probation on developing a needs assessment that identifies young offenders who are at risk for recidivism. She earned her Ph.D. and master's degree in public policy from the University of Chicago. While there, Dr. Matjasko focused her training in developmental psychology, econometrics, and family/community violence.

Christopher D. Maxwell, Ph.D., M.A., is a professor in the School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University and serves as the College of Social Science's Associate Dean For Research. Dr. Maxwell's research, scholarship, and outreach activities for the past 22 years have largely focused on understanding and improving how governments prevent and control family violence and violence against women. His sponsored research projects include several that tested for the benefits and costs of sanctions and therapeutic treatments for spouse abusers, the impact of police and court services on victims of domestic violence, and other projects that described the epidemiology of violence against women by intimates and the extent and correlates of sexual assault by and against adolescents. His current research focuses on assessing the extent to which intimate partner violence offenders are prosecuted and testing whether more prosecution and sanctions lead to less violence. This and his other research projects were supported by CDC, NIJ, OJJDP, BJS, the state of Michigan, the H.F. Guggenheim Foundation, and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. Dr. Maxwell earned his B.A. degrees in psychology, sociology, and criminal justice from Indiana University at Bloomington, and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in criminal justice from Rutgers University.

James A. Mercy, Ph.D. (Forum Member), is special advisor for strategic directions at the Division of Violence Prevention in the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of CDC. He began working at CDC in a newly formed activity to examine violence as a public health problem and, over the past two decades, has helped to develop the public health approach to violence and has conducted and overseen numerous studies of the epidemiology of youth suicide, family violence, homicide, and firearm injuries. Dr. Mercy also served as a co-editor of the World Report on Violence and Health prepared by WHO and served on the Editorial Board of the UN Secretary General's Study of Violence Against Children. Most recently he has been working on a global partnership with UNICEF, PEPFAR, WHO, and others to end sexual violence against girls. His recent publications include “Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and Young Adult Intimate Partner Violence” (Archives of General Psychiatry, 2010) and “Sexual Violence and Its Health Consequences for Female Children in Swaziland: A Cluster Survey Study” (Lancet, 2009).

Marta Santos Pais, Esq., is the special representative of the UN Secretary-General on Violence against Children. She has more than 30 years experience on human rights issues, engagement in UN and intergovernmental processes, and a firm commitment to the rights of the child. Ms. Santos Pais joined UNICEF in 1997 as director of Evaluation, Policy and Planning and was director of the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre from 2001 to 2010. Previously she was the rapporteur of the Committee on the Rights of the Child and vice chair of the Coordinating Committee on Childhood Policies of the Council of Europe. Ms. Santos Pais was a special advisor to the UN Study on Violence against Children and to the Machel Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children. Ms. Santos Pais is a member of the Editorial Advisory Board of the International Journal of Children's Rights, and a member of the Advisory Board of the International Inter-disciplinary Course on Children's Rights. Previously, she was a member of the Scientific Committee of the International Child Centre in Paris, and visiting professor at the International University in Lisbon, Portugal. Ms. Santos Pais is the author of a large number of publications on human rights and children's rights. She was a member of the UN Drafting Group of the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child and its two Optional Protocols; she also participated in the development of other key international human rights standards.

Anthony Petrosino, Ph.D., serves as senior research associate at WestEd. In 2011, he received the Paul D. Hood Award at WestEd for contributions to the field. He has over a quarter-century of experience collaborating on research and evaluation projects, mostly in criminal justice, and has specialized in systematic reviews and meta-analyses of crime prevention programs. Current projects include a quasi-experimental evaluation of an intervention program for homeless ex-prisoners in Minneapolis and a multisite randomized trial of a teen pregnancy prevention program. He is co-author of a report of an NIJ-funded randomized experimental evaluation of a school-based violence prevention program, Tribes Learning Communities (Tribes or TLC). Prior to joining WestEd, Dr. Petrosino served as a research consultant for various education and other institutions. He was one of the founding members of the Campbell Collaboration (C2), an international organization that prepares, updates, and disseminates systematic reviews of research on the effects of social and educational interventions. Specifically, he helped develop the C2's first register of experimental studies (known as C2-SPECTR), its first review (on the “Scared Straight” juvenile delinquency prevention program, now being updated), and one of its first substantive groups (Crime & Justice Group). He received a Distinguished Service Award from the Campbell Crime and Justice Group for his service as founding coordinator.

Michael Phillips, M.D., M.P.H. (Forum Member), is currently director of the Suicide Research and Prevention Center of the Shanghai Mental Health Center; executive director of the WHO Collaborating Center for Research and Training in Suicide Prevention at Beijing Hui Long Guan Hospital; professor of psychiatry and global health at Emory University; professor of clinical psychiatry and clinical epidemiology at Columbia University; vice chair of the Chinese Society for Injury Prevention and Control; and treasurer of the International Association for Suicide Prevention. He is currently the Principal Investigator on a number of multicenter collaborative projects on suicide, depression, and schizophrenia. His recent publications include “Repetition of Suicide Attempts: Data from Emergency Care Settings in Five Culturally Different Low- and Middle-Income Countries Participating in the WHO SUPRE-MISS Study” (Crisis, 2010) and “Nonfatal Suicidal Behavior Among Chinese Women Who Have Been Physically Abused by Their Male Intimate Partners” (Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 2009). Dr. Phillips is a Canadian citizen who has been a permanent resident of China for more than 25 years. He runs a number of research training courses each year; supervises Chinese and foreign graduate students; helps coordinate WHO mental health activities in China; promotes increased awareness of the importance of addressing China's huge suicide problem; and advocates improving the quality, comprehensiveness, and access to mental health services around the country.

Jerry Reed, Ph.D., M.S.W., began serving as the director of the national Suicide Prevention Resource Center in the United States in 2008. Prior to this appointment, Dr. Reed served for 5 years as executive director of the Suicide Prevention Action Network USA, a national nonprofit founded and driven by survivors created to raise awareness, build political will, and call for action with regard to advancing, implementing, and evaluating a national strategy to address suicide. He also served as a Fellow in the U.S. Senate, working on health issues to include suicide prevention. Dr. Reed serves on the Board of the International Association for Suicide Prevention as chair of the Council of Organizational Representatives, and is currently a member of the Violence Prevention Alliance Steering Committee operated with the WHO and international partners. Dr. Reed earned a master's of social work with an emphasis in aging administration. He also received a Ph.D. in health-related sciences from Virginia Commonwealth University with an emphasis in gerontology.

Mark L. Rosenberg, M.D., M.P.P. (Forum Co-Chair), is executive director of the Task Force for Global Health. Previously, for 20 years, Dr. Rosenberg was at CDC, where he led its work in violence prevention and later became the first permanent director of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. He also held the position of special assistant for behavioral science in the Office of the Deputy Director (HIV/AIDS). Dr. Rosenberg is board certified in both psychiatry and internal medicine with training in public policy. He is on the faculty at Morehouse Medical School, Emory Medical School, and the Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University. Dr. Rosenberg's research and programmatic interests are concentrated on injury control and violence prevention, HIV/AIDS, and child well-being, with special attention to behavioral sciences, evaluation, and health communications. He has authored more than 120 publications and recently co-authored the book Real Collaboration: What It Takes for Global Health to Succeed (University of California Press, 2010). Dr. Rosenberg has received numerous awards, including the Surgeon General's Exemplary Service Medal. He is a member of the IOM. Dr. Rosenberg's organization, the Task Force for Global Health, participated in the IOM-sponsored workshop Violence Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Finding a Place on the Global Agenda, and the Task Force remains interested in helping to continue the momentum of the workshop through the Forum on Global Violence Prevention. The Task Force is heavily involved in the delivery of a number of global health programs and sees many ways in which interpersonal violence and conflict exacerbate serious health problems and inequities.

Lisbeth (Lee) B. Schorr is a senior fellow of the Center for the Study of Social Policy, where she works with colleagues on efforts to broaden the understanding of evidence as applied to the design and evaluation of complex initiatives. She is also a lecturer in social medicine at Harvard University, and a member of the Executive Committee of the Aspen Institute's Roundtable on Community Change, of the IOM, and of the Board of the SEED Foundation. She is the author of two books, Within Our Reach: Breaking the Cycle of Disadvantage and Common Purpose: Strengthening Families and Neighborhoods to Rebuild America.

Nancy Schwartzman is a filmmaker, media strategist, app developer, and catalyst for social change who believes storytelling and technology can create safer communities for women and girls. Named one of the “10 Filmmakers to Watch in 2011” by Independent Magazine, Ms. Schwartzman is the director of the award-winning film The Line, a documentary that examines rape culture and the line of consent, and XOXOSMS, a love story that explores how technology can create digital intimacy. With the creation of the Circle of 6 iPhone and Android app, Ms. Schwartzman's team won the highly competitive White House “Apps Against Abuse” Technology Challenge. Now on iOS and Android, and downloaded by more than 50,000 users, Circle of 6 helps friends stay close and connected to prevent violence before it happens. An early adopter of cutting-edge media tools for women's safety and dynamic storytelling, Ms. Schwartzman is a sought-after speaker and consultant working with college campuses, military populations, independent filmmakers, and international organizations. Her clients include the Academy Award–nominated documentary The Invisible War and upcoming Girl Model documentary. She is a graduate of Columbia University.

Patrick H. Tolan, Ph.D., is professor of education and of psychiatry and neurobehavioral sciences at the University of Virginia (UVA), where he is director of Youth-Nex: The UVA Center to Promote Effective Youth Development. Youth-Nex is a cross-university, multidisciplinary center to advance prevention of problems affecting youth and to promote healthy development. For the past 30 years, he has conducted research with multiple collaborators on an ecological–developmental understanding of youth functioning, with much of that work focused on high-risk communities and carried out through several randomized trials of family-focused efforts to promote healthy development in such high-risk communities. He also has been a leader in promoting use of empirically tested approaches to promote child and adolescent mental health. This work has led to more than 160 publications, including his forthcoming edited volume, Advances in Development and Psychopathology. Brain Research Foundation Symposium Series, Volume I: Disruptive Behavior Problems. He has served on numerous advisory and editorial boards and served as a consultant to several federal agencies and private foundations. Among these are the Blueprints for Violence and Substance Abuse Prevention, which has set the most recognized standards for identifying the evidence base for programming for child and adolescent emotional, behavioral, and social problems.

Evelyn P. Tomaszewski, M.S.W. (Forum Member), is a senior policy advisor within the Human Rights and International Affairs Division of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW), where she directs the NASW HIV/AIDS Spectrum Project. The project is a multiphase, federally funded project based on a training of trainer model that develops provider skills—through training, education, and technical assistance—to better address the clinical practice and policy issues relevant to the range of health and behavioral health issues of living with HIV/AIDS and co-occurring chronic illnesses. Ms. Tomaszewski promotes the NASW Global HIV/AIDS Initiative in collaboration with domestic and international groups and agencies; implements capacity and training needs assessment addressing the social welfare workforce, volunteers, and psychosocial care providers in sub-Saharan Africa; and serves as technical advisor in a USAID-funded Twinning Project with the Tanzania Social Work Associations. She staffs the National Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Issues and previously staffed the International Committee and Women's Issues Committee. Ms. Tomaszewski has expertise in policy analysis and implementation addressing gender equity, violence prevention and early intervention, and the connection of trauma and risk for HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections. She has more than two decades of social work experience as a counselor, advocate, educator, and program administrator. Ms. Tomaszewski holds a B.S.W. and an M.S.W. from West Virginia University and a Graduate Certificate in Procurement and Contracts Management and a Certificate in Leadership Development from the UVA.

Catherine L. Ward, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the department of psychology at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. Her research interests are in violence prevention from the perspective of children's development, and particularly in public health approaches to this—in developing evidence-based approaches to violence prevention that have a wide reach and are effective in improving children's development and reducing their likelihood of becoming aggressive. Much of her current work is focused on preventing child maltreatment, and on understanding the epidemiology of risk factors faced by South African children. Dr. Ward serves on the Steering Committee of the University of Cape Town's Safety and Violence Initiative, an interdisciplinary research initiative that seeks to understand violence and promote safety. The Safety and Violence Initiative is a member of the WHO's Violence Prevention Alliance (VPA), and Dr. Ward co-leads the VPA Parenting Project Group. Recently, she and her colleagues Amelia van der Merwe and Andrew Dawes produced the edited volume Youth Violence: Sources and Solutions in South Africa. The book reviews the current state of the science in understanding how to prevent children from becoming aggressive, and how to adapt the evidence base for use in low- and middle-income countries. In addition, she serves on the advisory boards of the Alan J. Flisher Centre for Public Mental Health at the University of Cape Town, and the Capoeira Educational Youth Association (a youth development association in Cape Town); and on the Editorial Boards of the journals South African Crime Quarterly and Psychosocial Interventions. She holds a Ph.D. in clinical community psychology from the University of South Carolina.

Elizabeth Ward, M.B.B.S., M.Sc. (Forum Member), is a medical epidemiologist with years of public health experience in the Jamaican government health system. Dr. Ward is a consultant at the Institute of Public Safety and Justice at the University of the West Indies and chair of the board of directors of the Violence Prevention Alliance Jamaica. She was formerly the director of disease prevention and control of the Health Promotion and Protection Division in the Ministry of Health. She has coordinated program development, research, and data analysis and has been responsible for disease prevention and control. She spearheaded the development of the Jamaica Injury Surveillance System, which tracks hospital-based injuries island-wide. Additionally, Dr. Ward has contributed to the development of Jamaican government policies as a task force member for the National Security Strategy for Safe Schools and as a member of the working groups for the security component of the National Development Plan, the National Strategic Plan for Children and Violence, and the Strategic Plan for Healthy Lifestyles.

Daniel W. Webster, Sc.D., M.P.H., is co-director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research and associate director of the Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He has been a core faculty member of the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy since 1992. Dr. Webster has published articles on firearm policy, youth gun acquisition and carrying, the prevention of gun violence, intimate partner violence, and adolescent violence prevention. He has studied the effects of a variety of violence prevention interventions, including state firearm policies, community programs to change social norms concerning violence, public education and advocacy campaigns, and school-based curricula. Dr. Webster teaches “Understanding and Preventing Violence” and co-teaches health policy evaluation and research methods. He also directs the Injury Control Certificate Program at Johns Hopkins.

Alys Willman, Ph.D., is a social development specialist for the Social Cohesion and Violence Prevention team at the World Bank. She leads analytical and project work on urban violence, youth violence, and gender-based violence for the team. She is the co-author of Violence in the City (2011) and Societal Dynamics and Fragility (2012), and has authored various other books and articles on urban violence, youth violence, and illicit economies. Current work includes projects in Central America and East Asia, and supporting knowledge exchange within and outside the World Bank. Prior to joining the Bank, she taught at the New School University and worked with international nongovernmental organizations and bilateral agencies in Colombia, Cuba, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Peru. She holds a doctorate in Urban and Public Policy from The New School University in New York.

Phelan Wyrick, Ph.D., is a senior policy advisor to the Assistant Attorney General for OJP in the U.S. DOJ. He joined the Department in 1998, and has held senior positions in NIJ and OJJDP. In 2012, he was awarded the Attorney General's Distinguished Service Award for leading the development of the CrimeSolutions.gov website. In 2007, he was awarded the Attorney General's Award for Outstanding Contributions to Community Partnerships for Public Safety for his work on gang violence reduction. Dr. Wyrick leads OJP's Evidence Integration Initiative and is the department co-chair for the Defending Childhood initiative. Prior to joining the Department, Dr. Wyrick served as a research associate in the City of Westminster Police Department in Orange County, California. He received his doctorate in applied social psychology from the Claremont Graduate University.

Copyright 2014 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Bookshelf ID: NBK195915
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