NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Guideline: Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2011.

Cover of Guideline: Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation

Guideline: Neonatal Vitamin A Supplementation.

Show details


  • Neonatal vitamin A supplementation may reduce mortality in the first 6 months of life in some settings, with some minor, transient side-effects, although these findings are inconsistent.
  • In developing the recommendation, high value was placed on avoidance of harm, given the uncertainty of the evidence and the conflicting results of research studies, as well as costs and feasibility concerns.
  • Mothers should be encouraged to exclusively breastfeed their infants during the first 6 months of age to achieve optimal growth, development and health (21).
  • Recommendations for the treatment of xerophthalmia are not covered in this guideline. Existing guidelines for the treatment of xerophthalmia in infants less than 6 months of age should be referred to in these cases (22).
Copyright © World Health Organization 2011.

All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization are available on the WHO web site ( or can be purchased from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: tni.ohw@sredrokoob).

Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO web site (

Bookshelf ID: NBK185141
PubReader format: click here to try


Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...