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Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases: Guidelines for Primary Health Care in Low Resource Settings. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012.

Cover of Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases

Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases: Guidelines for Primary Health Care in Low Resource Settings.

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Abbreviations

AMSTAR

Assessment of Multiple Systematic Reviews

AQoL

asthma-specific quality of life

CFC

chlorofluorocarbon

CI

confidence interval

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

CRD

chronic respiratory disease

CRQ

Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire

FEV1

forced expiratory volume in 1 second

FVC

forced expiratory vital capacity

GINA

Global Initiative for Asthma

GRADE

Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation

HFA

hydrofluoroalkane

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

HQ

headquarters

HRQol

health-related quality of life

IUATLD

International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease

kg

kilogram

LMIC

low- and middle-income country

MD

mean dose

MDI

metered-dose inhaler

MeSH

Medical Subject Headings

mg

milligram

ml

milliliter

NCD

noncommunicable disease

OR

odds ratio

PEF

peak expiratory flow

PEFR

peak expiratory flow rate

PICOT

population/intervention/comparator/outcome/time

prn

pro re nata (as needed)

QoL

quality of life

RCT

randomized controlled trial

RR

relative risk

SGRQ

St George's Respiratory Questionnaire

SMD

standardized mean difference

ug

microgram

WHO

World Health Organization

Copyright © 2012, World Health Organization.

All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization are available on the WHO web site (www.who.int) or can be purchased from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: tni.ohw@sredrokoob).

Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO web site (http://www.who.int/about/licensing/copyright_form/en/index.html).

Bookshelf ID: NBK148600
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