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Guidance on Prevention of Viral Hepatitis B and C Among People Who Inject Drugs. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012 Jul.

Cover of Guidance on Prevention of Viral Hepatitis B and C Among People Who Inject Drugs

Guidance on Prevention of Viral Hepatitis B and C Among People Who Inject Drugs.

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The following people, from a range of background and specialities, have contributed to the development of this guidance. WHO is thankful for their time and their support.

Academic / research

Burnet Institute, Australia – Louisa Degenhardt, Margaret Hellard and Paul Nelson; Christian Medical College, India – Priya Abraham; Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group, Italy – Laura Amato, Marina Davoli, Silvia Minozzi, Zuzana Mitrova and Simona Vecchi; Hospital Carlos III, Spain – Vicente Soriano; London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom – Peter Vickerman; State University of New York at Buffalo, USA – Elie Akl; Treichvile University Teaching Hospital, Côte d'Ivoire – Serge Paul Eholie; University of New South Wales, Australia – Lisa Maher; University of São Paulo, Brazil – Evaldo Stanislau.

National programme managers

AIDS and Clinical Immunology Research Centre, Georgia – Tengiz Tsertsvadze; Chinese Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, China – Zhang Fujie; Chumakov Institute of Poliomyelitis and Viral Encephalitides, Russia – Karen Kyuregyan and Mikhail Mikhailov; Ministry of Health, Tanzania – Ahmed Khatib.

Programme implementers

Alaska Native Medical Center – Brian J McMahon; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, USA – Eyasu Teshale and Siobhán O'Connor; Médecins sans Frontières, United Kingdom Philipp Du Cros; President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, USA – Lara Stabinski; United States Agency for International Development, USA – Billy Pick.

Civil society and community representatives

Eurasian Harm Reduction Network, Lithuania – Dasha Ocheret; Harm Reduction International – Catherine Cook; International Network of People who Use Drugs, Australia – Jude Byrne and Matt Southwell; Treatment Action Group, USA – Tracy Swan; World Hepatitis Alliance, Bangladesh – Md. Humayun Kabir; World Hepatitis Alliance, United Kingdom – Charles Gore.

World Health Organization


Department of HIV/AIDS – Andrew Ball, Txema Garcia Calleja, Philippa Easterbrook, Rachel Heenan, Ying-Ru Lo, Constance Mackworth-Young, Michelle Rodolph, Mira Schneiders, Annette Verster, and Marco Vitoria; Department of Pandemic and Epidemic Diseases – Silvie Briand, Hande Harmanci, Jördis Ott and Steven Wiersma; Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse – Nicolas Clark; Department of Essential Health Medicines and Health Products – Anita Sands; Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health – Lulu Muhe.

WHO Regional Offices

EURO – Irina Eramova; SEARO – Vason Pinyowiwat; WPRO/Viet Nam Country Office – Fabio Mesquita.

Other multilateral organizations

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria – Mauro Guarinieri; Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS – Alison Crocket and Karen Stanecki; United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime – Monica Ciupagea.

Peer reviewers

Erika Duffell and Anastasia Pharrell (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Sweden), Azzi Momenghalibaf (Open Society Foundation, USA), Kimberly Page (University of California, San Francisco, USA) and Steffanie Strathdee (University of California, San Diego, USA).

Overall coordination

Annette Verster and Ying-Ru Lo of the Department of HIV/AIDS, WHO Headquarters.

This guideline was written by Nick Walsh (independent consultant) and Annette Verster of the Department of HIV/AIDS, WHO Headquarters, with support from Michelle Rodolph and Elie Akl. Editing was done by Jura Editorial Services and layout by L'IV Com Sàrl.

Copyright © 2012, World Health Organization.

All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization are available on the WHO web site (www.who.int) or can be purchased from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: tni.ohw@sredrokoob).

Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO web site (http://www.who.int/about/licensing/copyright_form/en/index.html).

Bookshelf ID: NBK144108
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