Table 41Characteristics of studies that evaluated specific trauma types

StudyArm (N)Duration (Followup)Population Trauma TypeBaseline PTSD SeverityaMean Age (Y)% F% Non-whiteRisk of Bias
Resick et al., 200272
Resick, et al., 200377
CPT (62)
PE (62)
WL (47)
6 weeks (3 and 9 months)Female
Sexual assault
Subgroup analysis: history of child sexual abuse
69.9 to 76.63210029Medium
van der Kolk et al., 2007113EMDR (29)
Fluoxetine (30)
Placebo (29)
8 weeks (6 months)Male and female
Mixed subgroup analysis: child-onset and adult-onset trauma
71.2368333Medium

CPT = cognitive processing therapy; EMDR = eye movement desensitization and reprocessing; F = female; N = total number randomized/assigned to intervention and control groups; PE = prolonged exposure; PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder; WL = waitlist; y = year

a

Data reported are mean CAPS total or range of mean CAPS total scores across groups unless otherwise specified.

Data reported are mean CAPS total or range of mean CAPS total scores across groups unless otherwise specified.

From: Results

Cover of Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Psychological and Pharmacological Treatments for Adults With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 92.
Jonas DE, Cusack K, Forneris CA, et al.

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