Table 37Characteristics of the included studies evaluating risk of harms from interventions to prevent PTSD

Study and Risk of Bias, Prevention TypeStudy Design, Intervention (n)Treatment Duration (Followup Duration)Population and Trauma TypePrimary Outcome Measure and Baseline ScoreMean Age and Age Range (Years)Percentage Female
Sijbrandij et al., 2006131

Low

Universal
Unblinded RCT, Emotional debriefing (76)
Educational debriefing (79)
No debriefing (81)
One 45- to 60-minute session (6 months)Civilian medical, psychological traumaSI-PTSD
Emotional debriefing: 19.9
Educational debriefing: 19.9; Control 17.7
40.4a (range NR)48.7a
Treggiari et al., 2009135

Medium

Universal
Single-blinded RCT;
Light sedation (69)
Deep sedation (68)
7 days (1 month)Civilian medical, mechanical ventilationIES-R & PCL: not applicable61.4a (range NR)23.5a

IES-R = Impact of Event Scale-Revised; n = subset of sample; NR = not reported; PCL = PTSD Checklist; PTSD = posttraumatic stress disorder; RCT = randomized controlled trial; SI-PTSD = Structured Interview for PTSD

a

Data not directly provided by the study authors. Data provided here are calculated by authors of this report.

Data not directly provided by the study authors. Data provided here are calculated by authors of this report.

From: Results

Cover of Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma
Interventions for the Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Adults After Exposure to Psychological Trauma [Internet].
Comparative Effectiveness Reviews, No. 109.
Gartlehner G, Forneris CA, Brownley KA, et al.

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