This nutrient guideline on sodium can aid the logical, systematic, and scientific development of nutrition interventions taking into account the best available scientific evidence. This guideline should be used in conjunction with potassium and other nutrient guidelines to guide public health nutrition programmes and policies.
The recommendations in this guideline can be used by programme and policy planners to assess current sodium intake relative to a benchmark and develop measures to decrease sodium intake, where necessary, through public health interventions including, but not limited to, food and product labelling and consumer education. Additionally, this guideline can be translated at the country-level into culturally and contextually specific FBDGs that take into account locally available food and dietary customs.
Providing overall dietary guidance is outside the scope of this guideline because such dietary guidance should be based on overall dietary goals, which consider all required nutrients. It is recognized that it is feasible to achieve this recommendation while respecting national dietary customs because a wide variety of fresh foods are naturally low in sodium (Annex 2). Additionally incremental sodium reduction in processed foods is feasible without consumer complaint.
All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization are available on the WHO web site (www.who.int) or can be purchased from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264; fax: +41 22 791 4857; e-mail: tni.ohw@sredrokoob).
Requests for permission to reproduce or translate WHO publications – whether for sale or for noncommercial distribution – should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO web site (http://www.who.int/about/licensing/copyright_form/en/index.html).
World Health Organization, Geneva
Guideline: Sodium Intake for Adults and Children. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2012. Translation and implementation.