Appendix DList of Excluded Articles

Does not report weight change over 1 year

  1. Abbott J, Conway S, Etherington C, Fitzjohn J, Gee L, Morton A, Musson H, Webb AK. Perceived body image and eating behavior in young adults with cystic fibrosis and their healthy peers. J Behav Med. 2000;23:501–17. [PubMed: 11199084]
  2. Abduelkarem AR, Sharif SI, Hammrouni AM, Aldouibi SS, Albraiki WM, El-Shareif HJ. Risk calculation of developing type 2 diabetes in Libyan adults. Pract. Diabetes Int. 2009;26:148–151.
  3. Abramson EE, Jones D. Reducing junk food palatability and consumption by aversive conditioning. Addictive behaviors. 81(6):145–8. [PubMed: 7270300]
  4. Abtahi F, Naghshzan A, Zibaeenezhad MJ, Heydari ST, Khosropanah SH, Zamirian M, Aghasadeghi K, Moaref AR. The relationship between body mass index and Pre-Diabetes in teachers residing in Shiraz-Iran 2009. Iran. Cardiovasc. Res. J. 2010;4:112–117.
  5. Abu-Omar Karim, Rütten Alfred. Relation of leisure time, occupational, domestic, and commuting physical activity to health indicators in Europe. Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory. 2008;47:319–323. [PubMed: 18455785]
  6. Adams Jean, White Martin. Time perspective in socioeconomic inequalities in smoking and body mass index. Health Psychology. 2009;28:83–90. [PubMed: 19210021]
  7. Ahn SangNam, Sharkey Joseph R, Smith Matthew Lee, Ory Marcia G, Phillips Charles D. Variations in body mass index among older Americans: The roles of social and lifestyle factors. Journal of Aging and Health. 2011;23:347–366. [PubMed: 20881105]
  8. Al-Baghli NA, Al-Ghamdi AJ, Al-Turki KA, El-Zubaier AG, Al-Ameer MM, Al-Baghli FA. Overweight and obesity in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J. 2008;29:1319–25. [PubMed: 18813420]
  9. Allan JD. Women who successfully manage their weight. West J Nurs Res. 89(11):657–69. discussion 669-75. [PubMed: 2618019]
  10. Almeida Osvaldo P, Alfonso Helman, Pirkis Jane, Kerse Ngaire, Sim Moira, Flicker Leon, Snowdon John, Draper Brian, Byrne Gerard, Goldney Robert, Lautenschlager Nicola T, Stocks Nigel, Scazufca Marcia, Huisman Martijn, Araya Ricardo, Pfaff Jon. A practical approach to assess depression risk and to guide risk reduction strategies in later life. International Psychogeriatrics. 2011;23:280–291. [PubMed: 20880427]
  11. al-shoshan AA. Some sociodemographic factors influencing the nutritional awareness of the Saudi teens and adults: preliminary observations. J R Soc Health. 90(110):213–6. [PubMed: 2126290]
  12. Althuizen E, van Poppel MN, Seidell JC, van der Wijden C, van Mechelen W. Design of the New Life(style) study: a randomised controlled trial to optimise maternal weight development during pregnancy. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:168. [PMC free article: PMC1523339] [PubMed: 16800869]
  13. Alvarez-Blasco F, Luque-Ramirez M, Escobar-Morreale HF. Diet composition and physical activity in overweight and obese premenopausal women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2011 [PubMed: 21609197]
  14. American Association of Diabetes Educators. Addressing obesity via diabetes self-management education and training. Diabetes Educ. 2012;38(1):151–4. [PubMed: 22328044]
  15. Ames SC, Ames GE, Stevens SR, Patten CA, Werch CE, Schroeder DR. Effect of expressive writing as a treatment adjunct for reducing smoking cessation related weight gain in young adult smokers. Subst. Use Misuse. 2008;43:1315–1325. [PubMed: 18696370]
  16. Andajani-Sutjahjo S, Ball K, Warren N, Inglis V, Crawford D. Perceived personal, social and environmental barriers to weight maintenance among young women: A community survey. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2004;1:15. [PMC free article: PMC524367] [PubMed: 15462679]
  17. Anderson RM, Funnell MM, Nwankwo R, Gillard ML, Oh M, Fitzgerald JT. Evaluating a problem-based empowerment program for African Americans with diabetes: Results of a randomized controlled trial. Ethn. Dis. 2005;15:671–678. [PubMed: 16259492]
  18. Andersson J, Boman K, Jansson JH, Nilsson TK, Lindahl B. Effect of intensive lifestyle intervention on C-reactive protein in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance and obesity. Results from a randomized controlled trial with 5-year follow-up. Biomarkers. 2008;13:671–9. [PubMed: 19096961]
  19. Andrade AM, Greene GW, Melanson KJ. Eating slowly led to decreases in energy intake within meals in healthy women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2008;108:1186–91. [PubMed: 18589027]
  20. Andrich DE, Filion ME, Woods M, Dwyer JT, Gorbach SL, Goldin BR, Adlercreutz H, Aubertin-Leheudre M. Relationship between essential amino acids and muscle mass, independent of habitual diets, in pre- and post-menopausal US women. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2011 [PubMed: 21568818]
  21. Andryukhin A, Frolova E, Vaes B, Degryse J. The impact of a nurse-led care programme on events and physical and psychosocial parameters in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: a randomized clinical trial in primary care in Russia. Eur J Gen Pract. 2010;16:205–14. [PubMed: 21073267]
  22. Appelhans BM, Woolf K, Pagoto SL, Schneider KL, Whited MC, Liebman R. Inhibiting Food Reward: Delay Discounting, Food Reward Sensitivity, and Palatable Food Intake in Overweight and Obese Women. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011 [PMC free article: PMC3303186] [PubMed: 21475139]
  23. Aranceta J, Perez-Rodrigo C, Serra-Majem L, Bellido D, ML, Formiguera X, Moreno B. Prevention of overweight and obesity: a Spanish approach. Public Health Nutrition. 2007;10:1187–1193. [PubMed: 17903329]
  24. Arthritis as a potential barrier to physical activity among adults with diabetes--United States, 2005 and 2007. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2008;57:486–9. [PubMed: 18463606]
  25. Artinian Nancy T, Schim Stephanie Myers, Vander Wal Jillon S, Nies Mary A. Eating Patterns and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in a Detroit Mexican American Population. Public Health Nursing. 2004;21:425–434. [PubMed: 15363023]
  26. Auchincloss AH, Diez Roux AV, Brown DG, Erdmann CA, Bertoni AG. Neighborhood resources for physical activity and healthy foods and their association with insulin resistance. Epidemiology. 2008;19:146–57. [PubMed: 18091002]
  27. Austrin Klein D, Stone WJ. Stages of exercise behavior and caloric expenditure. J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2002;42:95–102. [PubMed: 11832882]
  28. Ayala GX, Elder JP, Campbell NR, Slymen DJ, Roy N, Engelberg M, Ganiats T. Correlates of body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio among Mexican women in the United States: implications for intervention development. Womens Health Issues. 2004;14:155–64. [PubMed: 15482966]
  29. Ball K, Owen N, Salmon J, Bauman A, Gore CJ. Associations of physical activity with body weight and fat in men and women. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001;25:914–9. [PubMed: 11439308]
  30. Banks E. Cohort profile: The 45 and up study. Int. J. Epidemiol. 2008;37:941–947. [PMC free article: PMC2557061] [PubMed: 17881411]
  31. Bathalon GP, Hays NP, McCrory MA, Vinken AG, Tucker KL, Greenberg AS, Castaneda C, Roberts SB. The energy expenditure of postmenopausal women classified as restrained or unrestrained eaters. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2001;55:1059–67. [PubMed: 11781672]
  32. Bathalon GP, Hays NP, Meydani SN, Dawson-Hughes B, Schaefer EJ, Lipman R, Nelson M, Greenberg AS, Roberts SB. Metabolic, psychological, and health correlates of dietary restraint in healthy postmenopausal women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2001;56:M206–11. [PubMed: 11283192]
  33. Baughman Kristin, Logue Everett, Sutton Karen, Capers Cynthia, Jarjoura David, Smucker William. Biopsychosocial characteristics of overweight and obese primary care patients: Do psychosocial and behavior factors mediate sociodemographic effects? Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory. 2003;37:129–137. [PubMed: 12855212]
  34. Bazata Debbra D, Robinson Jennifer G, Fox Kathleen M, Grandy Susan. Affecting behavior change in individuals with diabetes: Findings from the study to help improve early evaluation and management of risk factors leading to diabetes (SHIELD) The Diabetes Educator. 2008;34:1025–1036. [PubMed: 19075084]
  35. Beattie VA, Edwards CA, Hosker JP, Cullen DR, Ward JD, Read NW. Does adding fibre to a low energy, high carbohydrate, low fat diet confer any benefit to the management of newly diagnosed overweight type II diabetics? British Medical Journal Clinical Research. (94) 1988:1147–1149. [PMC free article: PMC2545619] [PubMed: 2837304]
  36. Beaudoin CE, Fernandez C, Wall JL, Farley TA. Promoting healthy eating and physical activity short-term effects of a mass media campaign. Am J Prev Med. 2007;32:217–23. [PubMed: 17236742]
  37. Begum P, Richardson CE, Carmichael AR. Obesity in post menopausal women with a family history of breast cancer: prevalence and risk awareness. Int Semin Surg Oncol. 2009;6:1. [PMC free article: PMC2628939] [PubMed: 19133122]
  38. Behn S, Lane DS. A self-teaching weight-control manual: method for increasing compliance and reducing obesity. Patient Education and Counseling. 83(5):63–7.
  39. Belhumeur R, Greene GW, Riebe D, Caldwell M, Ruggiero L, Stillwell K. Fatty acid intake and serum lipids in overweight and obese adults: short-term effects of fat reduction, exercise, and weight loss. Topics in Clinical Nutrition. 2004;19:255–264.
  40. Bemelmans W, van Baal P, Wendel-Vos W, Schuit J, Feskens E, Ament A, Hoogenveen R. The costs, effects and cost-effectiveness of counteracting overweight on a population level. A scientific base for policy targets for the Dutch national plan for action. Prev Med. 2008;46:127–32. [PubMed: 17822752]
  41. Beresford SA, Locke E, Bishop S, West B, McGregor BA, Bruemmer B, Duncan GE, Thompson B. Worksite study promoting activity and changes in eating (PACE): design and baseline results. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2007;15 Suppl 1:4S–15S. [PubMed: 18073337]
  42. Beresford Shirley AA, Locke Emily, Bishop Sonia, West Briana, McGregor Bonnie A, Bruemmer Barbara, Duncan Glen E, Thompson Beti. Worksite study promoting activity and changes in eating (PACE): Design and baseline results. Obesity. 2007;15:4S–15S. [PubMed: 18073337]
  43. Berge JM. What is being served for dinner? Associations between the emotional atmosphere at family meals and health outcomes. Obesity. 2011;19:S130.
  44. Bingham SA, Welch AA, McTaggart A, Mulligan AA, Runswick SA, Luben R, Oakes S, Khaw KT, Wareham N, Day NE. Nutritional methods in the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer in Norfolk. Public Health Nutrition. 2001;4:847–858. [PubMed: 11415493]
  45. Birketvedt GS, Aaseth J, Florholmen JR, Ryttig K. Long-term effect of fibre supplement and reduced energy intake on body weight and blood lipids in overweight subjects. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove) 2000;43:129–32. [PubMed: 11294130]
  46. Blanson Henkemans OA, van der Boog PJ, Lindenberg J, van der Mast CA, Neerincx MA, Zwetsloot-Schonk BJ. An online lifestyle diary with a persuasive computer assistant providing feedback on self-management. Technol Health Care. 2009;17:253–67. [PubMed: 19641261]
  47. Bleich SN, Wang YC, Wang Y, Gortmaker SL. Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988-1994 to 1999-2004. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2009;89:372–381. [PubMed: 19056548]
  48. Blow Julie A, Taylor Thom, Cooper Theodore V, Redfearn Christopher K. Correlates of weight concern and control in a Hispanic college student sample. Eating Behaviors. 2010;11:6–10. [PubMed: 19962114]
  49. Blundell JE, Stubbs RJ, Golding C, Croden F, Alam R, Whybrow S, Le Noury J, Lawton CL. Resistance and susceptibility to weight gain: Individual variability in response to a high-fat diet. Physiology & Behavior. 2005;86:614–622. [PubMed: 16225895]
  50. Bobb-Liverpool B, Duff EMW, Bailey EY. Compliance and blood pressure control in women with hypertension. West Indian Med. J. 2002;51:236–240. [PubMed: 12632640]
  51. Boehmer TK, Hoehner CM, Deshpande AD, Brennan Ramirez LK, Brownson RC. Perceived and observed neighborhood indicators of obesity among urban adults. Int J Obes (Lond) 2007;31:968–77. [PubMed: 17224932]
  52. Bolocofsky DN, Coulthard-Morrris L, Spinler D. Prediction of successful weight management from personality and demographic data. Psychol Rep. 84(55):795–802. [PubMed: 6522544]
  53. Boutelle KN, Jeffery RW, French SA. Predictors of vigorous exercise adoption and maintenance over four years in a community sample. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2004;1:13. [PMC free article: PMC517512] [PubMed: 15341656]
  54. Boutelle KN, Kirschenbaum DS, Baker RC, Mitchell ME. How can obese weight controllers minimize weight gain during the high risk holiday season? By self-monitoring very consistently. Health Psychol. 99(18):364–8. [PubMed: 10431937]
  55. Boutelle Kerri N, Murray David M, Jeffery Robert W, Hennrikus Deborah J, Lando Harry A. Associations between exercise and health behaviors in a community sample of working adults. Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory. 2000;30:217–224. [PubMed: 10684745]
  56. Boyden TW, Pamenter RW, Going SB, Lohman TG, Hall MC, Houtkooper LB, Bunt JC, Ritenbaugh C, Aickin M. Resistance exercise training is associated with decreases in serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in premenopausal women. Archives of internal medicine. 93(153):97–100. [PubMed: 8422204]
  57. Bravis V, Hui E, Salih S, Mehar S, Hassanein M, Devendra D. Ramadan Education and Awareness in Diabetes (READ) programme for Muslims with type 2 diabetes who fast during Ramadan. Diabet. Med. 2010;27:327–331. [PubMed: 20536496]
  58. Breckenkamp J, Mielck A, Razum O. Health inequalities in Germany: do regional-level variables explain differentials in cardiovascular risk? BMC Public Health. 2007;7:132. [PMC free article: PMC1934354] [PubMed: 17603918]
  59. Brestrich M, Claus J, Blümchen G. [Lactovegetarian diet: effect on changes in body weight, lipid status, fibrinogen and lipoprotein (a) in cardiovascular patients during inpatient rehabilitation treatment]. Zeitschrift Für Kardiologie. 1996;85(6):418–27. [PubMed: 8767366]
  60. Brown H, Roberts J. Exercising choice: The economic determinants of physical activity behaviour of an employed population. Soc Sci Med. 2011;73:383–90. [PMC free article: PMC3162476] [PubMed: 21757272]
  61. Brown BB, Yamada I, Smith KR, Zick CD, Kowaleski-Jones L, Fan JX. Mixed land use and walkability: Variations in land use measures and relationships with BMI, overweight, and obesity. Health Place. 2009;15:1130–41. [PMC free article: PMC2778756] [PubMed: 19632875]
  62. Brown SA, Garcia AA, Winter M, Silva L, Brown A, Hanis CL. Integrating education, group support, and case management for diabetic Hispanics. Ethn Dis. 2011;21:20–6. [PMC free article: PMC3153083] [PubMed: 21462725]
  63. Brown Wendy J, Trost Stewart G. Life Transitions and Changing Physical Activity Patterns in Young Women. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2003;25:140–143. [PubMed: 12880882]
  64. Brubaker PH, Rejeski WJ, Smith MJ, Sevensky KH, Lamb KA, Sotile WM, Miller HS Jr. A home-based maintenance exercise program after center-based cardiac rehabilitation: Effects on blood lipids, body composition, and functional capacity. J. Cardiopulm. Rehabil. 2000;20:50–56. [PubMed: 10680098]
  65. Buchowski Maciej S, Cohen Sarah S, Matthews Charles E, Schlundt David G, Signorello Lisa B, Hargreaves Margaret K, Blot William J. Physical activity and obesity gap between Black and White women in the southeastern U.S. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2010;39:140–147. [PMC free article: PMC2918875] [PubMed: 20621261]
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  74. Catlin TK, Simoes EJ, Brownson RC. Environmental and policy factors associated with overweight among adults in Missouri. Am J Health Promot. 2003;17:249–58. [PubMed: 12640781]
  75. Chal+_-Rush Angela, Guralnik Jack M, Walkup Michael P, Miller Michael E, Rejeski W Jack, Katula Jeffrey A, King Abby C, Glynn Nancy W, Manini Todd M, Blair Steven N, Fielding Roger A. Relationship between physical functioning and physical activity in the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2010;58:1918–1924. [PMC free article: PMC2952066] [PubMed: 20738437]
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  92. Coleman Karen J, Rosenberg Dori E, Conway Terry L, Sallis James F, Saelens Brian E, Frank Lawrence D, Cain Kelli. Physical activity, weight status, and neighborhood characteristics of dog walkers. Preventive Medicine: An International Journal Devoted to Practice and Theory. 2008;47:309–312. [PMC free article: PMC2587031] [PubMed: 18572234]
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  108. Dejoy DM, Wilson MG, Padilla HM, et al. Process Evaluation Results From an Environmentally Focused Worksite Weight Management Study. Health Educ Behav. 2011;39:405–18. [PubMed: 22002249]
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  112. Dietz W. Focus group data pertinent to the prevention of obesity in African Americans. Am J Med Sci. 2001;322:275–8. [PubMed: 11721801]
  113. Diller Paul A, Graff Samantha. Regulating Food Retail for Obesity Prevention: How Far Can Cities Go? Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 2011;39:89–93. [PubMed: 21309906]
  114. Dinneen SF, O'Hara MC, Byrne M, Newell J, Daly L, O'Shea D, Smith D. The Irish DAFNE Study Protocol: A cluster randomised trial of group versus individual follow-up after structured education for type 1 diabetes. Trials. 2009;10:88. [PMC free article: PMC2761911] [PubMed: 19775465]
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  575. Werkman A, Schuit AJ, Kwak L, Kremers SP, Visscher TL, Kok FJ, Schouten EG. Study protocol of a cluster randomised controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of a tailored energy balance programme for recent retirees. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:293. [PMC free article: PMC1698485] [PubMed: 17147832]
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  577. Wilcox S, Dowda M, Wegley S, Ory MG. Maintenance of change in the Active-for-Life initiative. Am J Prev Med. 2009;37:501–4. [PubMed: 19944915]
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  579. Williams PT. Attenuating effect of vigorous physical activity on the risk for inherited obesity: a study of 47,691 runners. PLoS One. 2012;7:e31436. [PMC free article: PMC3285646] [PubMed: 22384023]
  580. Williams PT. Exercise attenuates the association of body weight with diet in 106,737 runners. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43:2120–6. [PMC free article: PMC3584177] [PubMed: 21502899]
  581. Williams Andrew E, Vogt Thomas M, Stevens Victor J, Albright Cheryl A, Nigg Claudia R, Meenan Richard T, Finucane Melissa L. Work, weight, and wellness: The 3W program: A worksite obesity prevention and intervention trial. Obesity. 2007;15:16S–26S. [PubMed: 18073338]
  582. Williams K, Prevost AT, Griffin S, Hardeman W, Hollingworth W, Spiegelhalter D, Sutton S, Ekelund U, Wareham N, Kinmonth AL. The ProActive trial protocol - a randomised controlled trial of the efficacy of a family-based, domiciliary intervention programme to increase physical activity among individuals at high risk of diabetes. BMC Public Health. 2004;4:48. [PMC free article: PMC526256] [PubMed: 15491494]
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  584. Williams PT. Evidence for the incompatibility of age-neutral overweight and age-neutral physical activity standards from runners. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 97(65):1391–1396. [PubMed: 9129467]
  585. Wilson DK, Trumpeter NN, St George SM, Coulon SM, Griffin S, Lee Van Horn M, Lawman HG, Wandersman A, Egan B, Forthofer M, Goodlett BD, Kitzman-Ulrich H, Gadson B. An overview of the “Positive Action for Today's Health” (PATH) trial for increasing walking in low income, ethnic minority communities. Contemp Clin Trials. 2010;31:624–33. [PMC free article: PMC3294379] [PubMed: 20801233]
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  590. Wood D, Kotseva K, Connolly S, Jennings C, Mead A, Jones J, Holden A, De Bacquer D, Collier T, De Backer G, Faergeman O. Nurse-coordinated multidisciplinary, family-based cardiovascular disease prevention programme (EUROACTION) for patients with coronary heart disease and asymptomatic individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease: a paired, cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2008;371:1999–2012. [PubMed: 18555911]
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Goal of studies is weight loss or weight maintenance after weight loss

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  7. Atkinson RL, Russ CS, Ciavarella PA, Owsley ES, Bibbs ML. A comprehensive approach to outpatient obesity management. J Am Diet Assoc. 84(84):439–44. [PubMed: 6707401]
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  9. Balducci S, Zanuso S, Massarini M, Corigliano G, Nicolucci A, Missori S, Cavallo S, Cardelli P, Alessi E, Pugliese G, Fallucca F., Italian Diabetes Exercise Study (IDES) Group. The Italian Diabetes and Exercise Study (IDES): design and methods for a prospective Italian multicentre trial of intensive lifestyle intervention in people with type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD. 2008;18:585–95. [PubMed: 18061415]
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  12. Bazzano Alicia T, Zeldin Ari S, Diab Ida R, Shihady, Garro Nicole M, Allevato Nathalia A, Lehrer Danise. The Healthy Lifestyle Change Program: A pilot of a community-based health promotion intervention for adults with developmental disabilities. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2009;37:S201–S208. [PubMed: 19896020]
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  40. Dahn JR, Fitzpatrick SL, Llabre MM, Apterbach GS, Helms RL, Cugnetto ML, Klaus J, Florez H, Lawler T. Weight Management for Veterans: Examining Change in Weight Before and After MOVE! Obesity (Silver Spring) 2011;19:977–81. [PubMed: 21127474]
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No comparison group

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Qualitative study

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Study population at risk for malnourishment or underweight

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No original data

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Study of children only

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No human data reported

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Abstract only

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