Table 3B.6Deaths by Cause, Sex, and Age in the South Asia Region, 2001 (thousands)

Male Female
Cause Total 0–4 5–14 15–29 30–44 45–59 60–69 70–79 80+ Total 0–4 5–14 15–29 30–44 45–59 60–69 70–79 80+ Total
Population (millions) 1,388 88 164 195 139 81 30 14 4 715 83 154 180 128 77 31 16 4 673
All causes 13,557 1,782 246 485 688 1,117 1,111 1,127 543 7,099 1,830 289 502 480 763 911 1,089 594 6,458
I. Communicable, maternal, perinatal, and nutritional conditions 5,882 1,623 142 167 296 270 201 204 103 3,007 1,619 176 221 231 157 165 190 117 2,875
 A. Infectious and parasitic diseases 2,987 597 107 153 279 239 115 92 42 1,624 676 134 112 119 119 79 79 46 1,363
  1. Tuberculosis 604 5 6 49 97 118 69 32 5 381 4 7 48 61 54 30 17 4 224
  2. Sexually transmitted diseases excluding HIV/AIDS 71 12 0 0 1 7 6 5 2 33 25 0 0 1 6 4 2 1 38
   a. Syphilis591200056523025000022129
   b. Chlamydia601516
   c. Gonorrhea00000000000
   d. Other sexually transmitted diseases5000130003000011002
  3. HIV/AIDS 272 7 2 42 114 41 3 1 0 210 7 2 20 25 8 1 0 0 62
  4. Diarrheal diseases 695 329 1 2 4 5 5 7 9 363 302 1 1 2 4 5 7 12 332
  5. Childhood-cluster diseases 467 167 41 11 6 3 1 1 1 231 171 42 11 6 3 1 1 1 236
   a. Pertussis10854545454
   b. Poliomyelitis00000
   c. Diphtheria310000001100002
   d. Measles2167131410674314110
   e. Tetanus140411076311170421076311170
  6. Meningitis 71 4 9 6 4 5 3 4 2 36 13 11 4 1 1 2 2 1 35
  7. Hepatitis Ba 28 0 0 3 4 7 2 2 1 19 0 1 2 1 2 1 1 0 9
  Hepatitis Ca 11 0 0 1 2 3 1 1 0 7 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 4
  8. Malaria 63 27 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 30 30 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 33
  9. Tropical-cluster diseases 41 1 8 6 3 3 1 0 0 22 3 8 4 1 1 1 0 0 18
   a. Trypanosomiasis000
   b. Chagas' disease00000
   c. Schistosomiasis00000000000000000
   d. Leishmaniasis40186321022384111018
   e. Lymphatic filariasis0000000000000
   f. Onchocerciasis
  10. Leprosy 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  11. Dengue 9 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
  12. Japanese encephalitis 10 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 5 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 5
  13. Trachoma 0 0 0 0 0
  14. Intestinal nematode infections 4 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
   a. Ascariasis20100001010001
   b. Trichuriasis2011101
   c. Hookworm disease000000000
    Other intestinal infections1000000000000000000
    Other infectious diseases638433532414622392127811757201937344827360
 B. Respiratory infections 1,435 412 19 9 11 16 84 108 58 718 420 25 8 5 11 76 105 67 717
  1. Lower respiratory infections1,414411199111582105577084152484117410366706
  2. Upper respiratory infections202000123195000022111
  3. Otitis media100000000000000000
 C. Maternal conditions 199 98 99 2 199
  1. Maternal hemorrhage612732161
  2. Maternal sepsis271412027
  3. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy281611028
  4. Obstructed labor19109019
  5. Abortion28171228
   Other maternal conditions361323136
 D. Perinatal conditionsb 1,086 597 597 490 490
  1. Low birthweight757406406351351
  2. Birth asphyxia and birth trauma1921221227070
   Other perinatal conditions13768686868
 E. Nutritional deficiencies 175 17 16 5 5 15 2 5 3 67 33 17 3 8 25 10 7 4 107
  1. Protein-energy malnutrition67131120100029201411210038
  2. Iodine deficiency311000001200000002
  3. Vitamin A deficiency401002110002
  4. Iron-deficiency anemia610224110001921272170042
   Other nutritional disorders3921113242168100126323
II. Noncommunicable diseases 6,346 129 44 107 203 714 854 872 412 3,335 163 57 117 153 521 697 852 452 3,011
 A. Malignant neoplasms 927 6 7 18 34 94 154 112 51 476 7 6 18 37 108 119 91 64 451
  1. Mouth and oropharynx cancers14000272135208940012111411847
  2. Esophageal cancer8000039181044400028118636
  3. Stomach cancer4500126973280001444417
  4. Colon and rectal cancers3500134653200001343315
  5. Liver cancer2700124531170021322111
  6. Pancreas cancer130001232170011115
  7. Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers129001526382891060002776223
  8. Melanoma and other skin cancers3000000001000000001
  9. Breast cancer76000000000110232013976
  10. Cervix uteri cancer830065262614783
  11. Corpus uteri cancer4000011114
  12. Ovarian cancer210012565321
  13. Prostate cancer210000169521
  14. Bladder cancer3000001564161002233314
  15. Lymphomas and multiple myeloma821234475329234591211753
  16. Leukemia3823632321223232221116
   Other malignant neoplasms99322513201610711102566728
 B. Other neoplasms 18 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 9 0 0 1 2 2 1 1 1 9
 C. Diabetes mellitus 196 1 1 3 5 25 26 27 17 104 1 1 2 3 19 29 26 11 91
 D. Endocrine disorders 26 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12 5 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 13
 E. Neuropsychiatric conditions 234 8 5 10 21 17 6 43 23 132 6 6 6 6 10 5 41 22 103
  1. Unipolar depressive disorders922140131005
  2. Bipolar affective disorder0000000000000000
  3. Schizophrenia1300231107000131116
  4. Epilepsy3273211010156431211018
  5. Alcohol use disorders130234210120000001
  6. Alzheimer's and other dementias81000000271441000000261440
  7. Parkinson's disease900000032500000314
  8. Multiple sclerosis1000000001000000000
  9. Drug use disorders2904127100241220005
  10. Post-traumatic stress disorder00000000
  11. Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  12. Panic disorder
  13. Insomnia (primary)
  14. Migraine
  15. Mental retardation, lead-caused0000000000000000000
   Other neuropsychiatric disorders461211111162302111211624
 F. Sense organ diseases 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
  1. Glaucoma000000000
  2. Cataracts
  3. Vision disorders, age-related
  4. Hearing loss, adult onset
   Other sense organ disorders1000000000000000001
 G. Cardiovascular diseases 3,421 18 11 36 84 374 495 527 250 1,795 21 13 42 58 229 427 553 281 1,626
  1. Rheumatic heart disease12863971210105617487121012666
  2. Hypertensive heart disease900013101213647011291212743
  3. Ischemic heart disease1,8382310492442932971351,032211833125233269125806
  4. Cerebrovascular disease92331410761401597446721265112617593456
  5. Inflammatory heart diseases71212467843421225711637
   Other cardiovascular diseases37244912263241271549410927407544217
 H. Respiratory diseases 746 8 4 8 19 111 110 103 41 405 9 4 9 18 91 71 91 47 340
  1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease577000791998834318000772627840259
  2. Asthma7802691433139027101322139
   Other respiratory diseases917223781264892225710642
 I. Digestive diseases 444 11 9 18 27 65 40 35 18 222 31 19 29 23 45 29 30 16 221
  1. Peptic ulcer disease82213817873502124856332
  2. Cirrhosis of the liver185637133522166107146108171010479
  3. Appendicitis7000011114000011113
   Other digestive diseases1694576121010862151216111913138107
 J. Genitourinary diseases 156 5 3 6 10 23 19 19 9 93 4 2 5 5 14 13 13 7 63
  1. Nephritis and nephrosis13243591715157744244131212657
  2. Benign prostatic hypertrophy120433112
   Other genitourinary system diseases13001111117001111106
 K. Skin diseases 10 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 5
 L. Musculoskeletal diseases 11 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 5 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 6
  1. Rheumatoid arthritis3000000001000000102
  2. Osteoarthritis00000000000000
  3. Gout000000000000
  4. Low back pain000000000000
   Other musculoskeletal disorders8001011114100000114
 M. Congenital anomalies 157 67 2 5 0 0 0 0 0 75 75 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 83
  1. Abdominal wall defect10000
  2. Anencephaly1155606
  3. Anorectal atresia00000
  4. Cleft lip00000
  5. Cleft palate00000000
  6. Esophageal atresia
  7. Renal agenesis100000000
  8. Down syndrome1231254126
  9. Congenital heart anomalies1054513000004952220000056
  10. Spina bifida136000000670000007
   Other congenital anomalies15700000008600000007
 N. Oral conditions 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  1. Dental caries
  2. Periodontal disease000000
  3. Edentulism
   Other oral diseases0000000000000000000
III. Injuries 1,329 30 60 212 189 132 56 51 28 758 49 56 164 95 86 48 47 25 571
 A. Unintentional injuries 994 28 55 131 126 100 45 41 22 548 47 52 109 68 64 41 41 23 445
  1. Road traffic accidents23841445533611941767811101455262
  2. Poisonings901388176314714569124243
  3. Falls1124488991496744436513645
  4. Fires183541515732152910543013663131
  5. Drownings905121696331556984322136
  6. Other unintentional injuries280101838332413115152201627161811128128
 B. Intentional injuries 335 2 5 81 63 32 11 10 6 210 2 5 55 27 21 7 6 2 125
  1. Self-inflicted injuries22435339206631300349211433295
  2. Violence791217159333522166642027
  3. War2600108310023000110003
   Other intentional injuries6001111005000000001

Source: Authors' compilation.

Note: — – an estimate of zero; the number zero in a cell indicates a non-zero estimate of less than 500.

a. Does not include liver cancer and cirrhosis deaths resulting from chronic hepatitis virus infection.

b. This cause category includes "Causes arising in the perinatal period" as defined in the International Classification of Diseases, principally low birthweight, prematurity, birth asphyxia, and birth trauma, and does not include all causes of deaths occurring in the perinatal period.

From: Chapter 3, The Burden of Disease and Mortality by Condition: Data, Methods, and Results for 2001

Cover of Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors
Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors.
Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, et al., editors.
Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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