Table 3.2Availability of Data for Estimation of Causes of Death by Age and Sex

Type of data East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America and the Caribbean Middle East and North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa High-income countries Total
Number of countries
Death registration data (coverage of 85% or more)a11151012948
Death registration data (coverage <85%) – adjusted using cause-of-death models51625313558
Sample registration and surveillanceb20011105
No data–cause-of-death models used with detailed cause patterns based on regional data140210642377
Epidemiological estimates for mortality due to specific causes used where applicablecdccccec
Percent of population
Death registration data (coverage of 85% or more)a0.052.713.00.10.00.294.419.5
Death registration data (coverage <85%) 3 adjusted using cause-of-death models5.647.384.250.01.48.65.317.1
Sample registration and surveillanceb73.30.00.01.774.51.40.039.1
No data–cause-of-death models used with detailed cause patterns based on regional data21.10.02.948.124.289.80.324.3
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0100.0

Source: Authors' compilation.

a. The threshold of coverage of 85 percent used for causes of death differs from that used for registration of deaths (95 percent) because the biases from underreporting of the fact of death are more serious for assessing levels of all-cause mortality than for assessing the distribution of causes.

b. Includes countries with death registration or surveillance systems relying heavily on verbal autopsy methods for ascertaining causes of death.

c. HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, measles, pertussis, poliomyelitis, tetanus, acute lower respiratory infections, Chagas' disease, maternal conditions, perinatal conditions, cancers, drug use disorders, rheumathoid arthritis, and war. See table 3.5 for details.

d. AIDS, drug use disorders, and war. See table 3.5 for details.

e. Drug use disorders and war. See table 3.5 for details.

From: Chapter 3, The Burden of Disease and Mortality by Condition: Data, Methods, and Results for 2001

Cover of Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors
Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors.
Lopez AD, Mathers CD, Ezzati M, et al., editors.
Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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