• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health.

Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors. Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.

Cover of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries

Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition.

Show details

Glossary

ACE inhibitors:(angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors)

a group of antihypertensive drugs that exert their influence through the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system.

Antiplatelets

drugs that interfere with the blood's ability to clot.

Atheroschlerosis

a chronic disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the arterial walls.

Atrial fibrillation

an abnormal rhythm of the heart that can result in an increased risk of stroke because of the formation of emboli (blood clots) in the heart.

Beta-blockers

a group of drugs that decrease the heart rate and force of contractions and lower blood pressure.

Cardiogenic shock

poor tissue perfusion resulting from failure of the heart to pump an adequate amount of blood.

Cardiomyopathy

a disorder of the muscle limiting the heart's function.

Chagas disease

a tropical American disease caused by a parasitic infection. Chronic symptoms include cardiac problems, such as an enlarged heart, altered heart rate or rhythm, heart failure, or cardiac arrest.

Dyslipidemia

a condition marked by abnormal concentrations of lipids or lipoproteins in the blood.

Embolus

a blood clot that moves through the bloodstream until it lodges in a narrowed vessel and blocks circulation.

Endocarditis

inflammation of the lining of the heart and its valves.

Hypertension

abnormally high arterial blood pressure.

Reperfusion

restoration of the flow of blood to a previously ischemic tissue or organ.

Statins

a group of drugs that inhibit the synthesis of cholesterol and promote the production of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)–binding receptors in the liver, resulting in a decrease in the level of LDL and a smaller increase in the level of high-density lipoprotein (HDL).

Thrombolysis

the breaking up of a blood clot.

Thrombus

a blood clot that forms inside a blood vessel or cavity of the heart.

Transient ischemic attack

transient reduced blood flow to the brain that produces strokelike symptoms but no lasting damage.

Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.
Bookshelf ID: NBK11798
PubReader format: click here to try

Views

  • PubReader
  • Print View
  • Cite this Page

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...