Table 21.3Malaria-related Mortality and Morbidity, Africa, 2000

Percentage affected by age in years
ConditionNumber (range)0–45–1415
Mortality and Morbidity
Malaria-specific mortality1,144,572a (702,957–1,605,448)651916
Maternal mortality (anemia)5,300n.a.n.a.100
Infant mortality (pregnancy related)71,000–190,000100n.a.n.a.
Fatal adverse events from malaria drugs2,300100UnknownUnknown
HIV from blood transfusion necessitated by malaria5,300–8,500100
Epilepsy-related mortality after cerebral malariaUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknown
Malaria-related anemia, undernutrition, and HIV mortalityUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknown
Episodes of malaria (thousands)213,549 (134,322–324,617)513514
Illness days from malaria (thousands)803,699 (494,416–1,298,872)692110
Neurocognitive sequelae after CM
Hemiparesis360–400100Unknown
Quadriparesis770–860100Unknown
Hearing impairment650–730100Unknown
Visual impairment300–330100Unknown
Behavioral difficulties1,540–1,720100Unknown
Language deficits7,000–7,800100Unknown
Epilepsy2,700–3,000100Unknown
Effects on cognitionUnknownUnknownUnknownUnknown

n.a. = not applicable.

— = not available.

Note: Figures in parentheses are interquartile ranges.

a. WHO (2002b) reports 1,124,000 deaths from malaria.

From: Chapter 21, Conquering Malaria

Cover of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries
Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition.
Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors.
Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.
Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.

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