SIDEBAR 5.3The Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-101)

P.L. 101-101 is one of two major laws that provide the authority to regulate radionuclide production and distribution in the United States. Unlike the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, which was passed to promote the production of radionuclides for research, the intended goal of P.L. 101-101 was to provide an incentive for cost-effectiveness by bringing the management of radionuclide production and distribution under one roof. Appropriations to the program are mainly applied to the maintenance and upgrade of production facilities. Under the DOE’s Isotope Programa radionuclides are sold to researchers at prices that recover the direct production cost, while commercial customers pay the full cost including allocated facility costs. Note that no provision for the production of radionuclides made exclusively for research was made (IOM 1995). The Isotope Program’s resources in millions of dollars are depicted in the figure below.

Annual Appropriations for the Department of Energy-Office of Nuclear Energy’s (DOE-NE) Isotope Program, 2000-2006 ($ in millions) SOURCE: Data provided by DOE-NE

Annual Appropriations for the Department of Energy-Office of Nuclear Energy’s (DOE-NE) Isotope Program, 2000-2006 ($ in millions) SOURCE: Data provided by DOE-NE.

a

DOE’s Isotope Program oversees the production and sales of radioactive and stable isotopes, along with related services, such as irradiation, target preparation and processing, and chemical separation.

DOE’s Isotope Program oversees the production and sales of radioactive and stable isotopes, along with related services, such as irradiation, target preparation and processing, and chemical separation.

From: 5, Availability of Radionuclides for Nuclear Medicine Research

Cover of Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation
Advancing Nuclear Medicine Through Innovation.
National Research Council (US) and Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on State of the Science of Nuclear Medicine.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.
Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.

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