TABLE 3-1Disability Rates by Sex and Age (Excluding Ages 0 to 4), Civilian Population (Excluding Residents of Nursing Homes, Dormitories, and Other Group Housing), 2004

PopulationWith a Disability By Type of Disability (number, in millions)a
Number (millions) Percent Sensory Physical Activityb Cognitivec Self-Care Go Outside Home Employment
5 years and over
       Male 17.8 13.8 5.0 10.2 6.8 2.8 NR NR
       Female 20.1 14.8 4.6 13.6 6.9 4.2 NR NR
       Both 37.9 14.3 9.5 23.8 13.8 7.1 NR NR
5 to 15 years
       Male 1.8 8.0 0.3 0.3 1.5 0.2 NA NA
       Female 1.0 4.5 0.2 0.2 0.8 0.1 NA NA
       Both 2.8 6.3 0.5 0.5 2.3 0.4 NA NA
16 to 20 years
       Male 0.7 7.8 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2
       Female 0.5 5.9 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.2
       Both 1.3 6.9 0.3 0.3 0.9 0.1 0.3 0.4
21 to 64 years
       Male 9.8 11.9 2.6 5.8 3.4 1.6 2.1 5.6
       Female 10.4 12.2 2.0 6.8 3.6 1.9 2.9 6.2
       Both 20.2 12.1 4.7 12.7 7.0 3.3 5.0 11.7
65 years and over
       Male 5.4 37.1 2.5 3.9 1.5 1.1 1.7 NA
       Female 8.1 41.4 2.9 6.4 2.3 2.1 3.8 NA
       Both 13.5 39.6 5.5 10.3 3.7 3.2 5.6 NA
a

One person may have more than one type of disability, so the overall figure may be smaller than the sum of the types. NA = not asked; NR = not reported.

b

The U.S. Census Bureau refers to “physical” rather than “physical activity” disabilities or limitations.

c

The U.S. Census Bureau uses the term “mental” rather than “cognitive” to refer to difficulties remembering, learning, or concentrating.

One person may have more than one type of disability, so the overall figure may be smaller than the sum of the types. NA = not asked; NR = not reported.

The U.S. Census Bureau refers to “physical” rather than “physical activity” disabilities or limitations.

The U.S. Census Bureau uses the term “mental” rather than “cognitive” to refer to difficulties remembering, learning, or concentrating.

From: 3, Disability Trends

Cover of The Future of Disability in America
The Future of Disability in America.
Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Disability in America; Field MJ, Jette AM, editors.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2007.
Copyright © 2007, National Academy of Sciences.

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