Table 2Number of Included Trials for Meta-Analyses by Outcome

Primary aimOutcomeNumber of trials with outcomeNumber of trials with ~12 month meta-analyses*Number of trials with long-term meta-analyses**
To reduce functional decline (34 trials)ADL or IADL28ADL: 14
IADL: 10
ADL or IADL: 17
ADL: 6
IADL: 5
ADL or IADL: 7
All (70 trials)Hospitalization21165
Institutionalization25197
Mortality665021
Quality of life21No meta-analysisNo meta-analysis
*

~12 month meta-analysis = 6 to 18 months.

**

Long-term meta-analysis = 24 to 39 months (no trials reported outcomes between 18 and 24 months).

Sensitivity analyses.

Abbreviations: ADL=activities of daily living; IADL=instrumental activities of daily living.

~12 month meta-analysis = 6 to 18 months.

Long-term meta-analysis = 24 to 39 months (no trials reported outcomes between 18 and 24 months).

Sensitivity analyses.

From: 2, Results

Cover of Challenges in Synthesizing and Interpreting the Evidence From a Systematic Review of Multifactorial Interventions to Prevent Functional Decline in Older Adults
Challenges in Synthesizing and Interpreting the Evidence From a Systematic Review of Multifactorial Interventions to Prevent Functional Decline in Older Adults [Internet].
Evidence Syntheses/Technology Assessments, No. 94.
Lin JS, Whitlock EP, Eckstrom E, et al.

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