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Cover of Alternative Medicine and Rehabilitation

Alternative Medicine and Rehabilitation

A Guide for Practitioners

Edited by Stanley F Wainapel, MD, MPH and Avital Fast, MD.

New York: Demos Medical Publishing; .
ISBN-10: 1-888799-66-8


A book exploring the interface between Alternative Medicine and Rehabilitation Medicine contains a subtle irony at its core. When the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PM & R) was established in 1947, this specialty would have been considered a form of Alternative Medicine itself based on criteria set by the National Institutes of Health (NIH): it was not generally part of medical school curricula; was not practiced in most American hospitals; and literature on its clinical efficacy was lacking.

In the ensuing half century, PM & R has taken its rightful place within the medical mainstream, and more belatedly Alternative Medicine is making its presence known in hospitals, medical schools, and medical journals. Eisenberg’s landmark 1993 New England Journal of Medicine article demonstrated that a wide range of unconventional therapies were being utilized by one third of the general population, often without the awareness of their treating physician. Beyond their prevalence of use, these therapies are now being subjected to rigorous evidence-based scrutiny that places their effectiveness on a more scientific foundation. It is in this spirit of rational enquiry that the present volume has been undertaken. It seeks to mirror the semantic evolution from Alternative Medicine (implying separation from conventional treatment) into the more encompassing term Integrative Medicine (implying a melding of conventional and unconventional methods) as proposed by Dr Andrew Weil.


  • Contributors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Preface
  • 1. The Physiologic Basis of Manipulation
    Scott T. Stoll, D.O., Ph.D. and David Russo, D.O., M.P.H., M.S.
    • The Mechanical Model
    • The Psychophysiologic Model
    • Manipulation and the Practice of Rehabilitation Medicine
    • References
  • 2. The Efficacy of Manipulative Treatment
    James W. Atchison, D.O.
    • Types of Treatment
    • Other Body Regions
    • Risks
    • Future Considerations
    • References
  • 3. Chiropractic Therapy in the Rehabilitation of Neuromusculoskeletal Diseases
    Ralph E. Gay, M.D., D.C. and Craig F. Nelson, D.C.
    • Origins of Chiropractic
    • Chiropractic Philosophy
    • Practice of Chiropractic
    • Chiropractic and Managed Care
    • Education and Licensure
    • Chiropractic and Medicine
    • The Chiropractic Workforce
    • Side Effects, Risks, and Complications of Spinal Manipulative Therapy
    • Contraindications to Spinal Manipulative Therapy
    • Clinical Efficancy of Chiropractic Treatment
    • Choosing a Chiropractor
    • Conclusion
    • References
  • 4. Massage as a Form of Complementary and Alternative Healing Modality for Physical Manipulation
    Jackson C. Tan, M.D., P.T., Ph.D.
    • Techniques
    • Physiologic Effects
    • Clinical Indications
    • General Precautions and Contraindications
    • Adverse Effects
    • Problems of Massage Studies
    • Conclusion
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • 5. Tai Chi Chuan
    Steven L. Wolf, Ph.D., PT, FAPTA, Michael J. O’Grady, M.D., and Tingsen Xu, Ph.D.
    • A Brief History
    • Balance and Harmony
    • Tai Chi Chuan and the Western Perspective
    • The Practice of Tai Chi Chuan
    • The Ten Basic Principles of Tai Chi Chuan
    • What Might Tai Chi Chuan Really Be Doing: A Therapeutic Perspective
    • Therapeutic Aspects of Tai Chi Chuan: Literature Review
    • Conclusions
    • Future Considerations
    • References
  • 6. Yoga in Medicine
    Loren Fishman, M.D.
    • Hatha Yoga
    • Blood Pressure Reduction
    • Fighting the Effects of Gravity
    • Standing Poses
    • The Lotus Position
    • Conclusion
    • References
  • 7. The Alexander Technique
    Glenna Batson, P.T., M.A.
    • What Is the AT?
    • Its Place in Alternative Medicine
    • Origin
    • “Use,” Not Posture
    • Evolving a Method of Education
    • A Typical Lesson
    • Who Benefits?
    • Pain Management
    • Back, Neck, and Hip Dysfunction
    • Repetitive Strain Injuries
    • Neurologic Dysfunction
    • Application to Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDS)
    • Further Resources
    • References
  • 8. Prayer, Meditation, and Spirituality in Rehabilitation
    Ann C. Cotter, M.D., Valerie Spangenberg, Ph.D., Gregory Mulford, M.D., and Julie Wilcox, M.S.
    • Definitions
    • Studies Regarding the Practice of Prayer and Meditation in the Clinical Setting
    • Studies Examining the Efficacy of Prayer
    • Meditation
    • Physiological Responses Associated with Prayer and Meditation
    • Sprituality in Clinical Practice
    • Integration of Spiritual Practices in the Rehabilitation Setting
    • Conclusion
    • Acknowledgment
    • References
  • 9. Biofeedback as an Adjunct in Rehabilitation Medicine
    Nomita Sonty, Ph.D.
    • Historical Trends in the Development of Biofeedback
    • Goals of Biofeedback Training
    • General Guidelines for Biofeedback Training
    • Arousal and Biofeedback Modalities
    • Conclusion
    • References
  • 10. Clinical Hypnosis
    Philip R. Appel, Ph.D., FASCH.
    • Common Myths
    • Looking for a Definition
    • The Domain of Hypothesis
    • Some Basic Assumptions
    • Research
    • Assessing Hypnotizability
    • The Use of Hypnosis in Health Care
    • The Use of Hypnosis in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    • On Deciding Whether to Use Hypnosis
    • Conclusion
    • Resources
    • References
  • 11. Acupuncture: From Qi to Biomedical Science
    Gary Kaplan, D.O., DABFP, DABPM.
    • The Qi Paradigm
    • Acupuncture Treatment
    • Western Biosciences and Acupuncture
    • Conclusion
    • References
  • 12. Nutritional Therapy in Rehabilitation
    Ronald L Hoffman, M.D., C.N.S.
    • Adult Malnutrition
    • Congenital Disabilities
    • Macronutrient Balance
    • Antioxidants and the Free Radical Theory of Degenerative Disease
    • Mitochondrial Dysfunction
    • Food Intolerance
    • Case Studies
    • References
  • 13. Research Program of the NIH Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Stroke and Neurologic Disorders: 1995–2000
    Samuel C. Shiflett, Ph.D.
    • Mind–Body Research Program
    • Supplements and Botanicals Research Program
    • Bioenergy Research Program
    • Acupuncture Research Program
    • Survey Research
    • Publications Generated with Support from NIH Grant U24-HD32994
    • Journal Articles
    • Published Abstracts
    • Book Chapters
  • 14. Reading the Complementary and Alternative Medicine Literature
    Mark A. Thomas, M.D.
    • Why Read the CAM Literature?
    • Where Is Information about CAM Found?
    • The Challenge of Reading CAM Literature
    • The Right Tools for the Job
    • Hypothesis
    • Conclusion
    • Sources of CAM Information
    • References
    • Additional Reading
  • 15. Paying for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    James Dillard, M.D., D.C.
    • History
    • CAM Reimbursement for the Rehabilitation Physician
    • References
  • 16. Low Back Pain: An Integrative Treatment Approach
    Gary Kaplan, D.O., DABFP, DABPM and Robert Umlauf, Ph.D., ABPP, FACAPP.
    • Integrated Intervention Approaches
    • Acupuncture
    • Osteopathic Manipulative Therapeutic Interventions
    • Psychologic Assessment and Intervention
    • Biofeedback
    • Nutrition and Supplements
    • Homeopathy
    • Physical Therapy
    • Case Studies
    • Team Integration
    • References
  • 17. Alternative Therapies for Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
    Richard K. Bernstein, M.D., F.A.C.E., F.A.C.N., C.W.S.
    • Neuropathies
  • 18. Qi Gong Exercise in the Treatment of Cumulative Trauma Disorder
    Philip Harris, M.D.
    • Principles of Qi Gong
    • Cumulative Trauma Disorder (CTD)
    • The Basic Routines of Soaring Crane
    • Case Studies
    • Conclusion
    • Acknowledgments
    • Bibliography
  • 19. Clinical Applications of Magnetic Therapy for Neuropathic Pain
    Michael I. Weintraub, M.D., F.A.C.P., F.A.A.N.
    • Magnetic Design
    • Magnetic Field/Depth Penetration
    • Proposed Biological Mechanisms
    • Clinical Applications
    • Postpolio Pain
    • Mechanical Low Back Pain
    • Muscle Soreness and Microinjury
    • Fibromyalgia
    • Neck Pain
    • Arthritis, Joint Pain
    • Veterinary Fields
    • Placebo Effect
    • Conclusion
    • References

By agreement with the publisher, this book is accessible by the search feature, but cannot be browsed.

Copyright © 2003, Demos Medical Publishing.
Bookshelf ID: NBK11183


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