TABLE S-5Criteria and Dietary Reference Intake Values for Fluoride by Life Stage Group

Life Stage GroupCriterionAI (mg/day)a
MaleFemale
0 through 6 monthsHuman milk content0.010.01
7 through 12 monthsCaries prevention0.50.5
1 through 3 yearsCaries prevention0.70.7
4 through 8 yearsCaries prevention11
9 through 13 yearsCaries prevention22
14 through 18 yearsCaries prevention33
19 through 30 yearsCaries prevention43
31 through 50 yearsCaries prevention43
51 through 70 yearsCaries prevention43
> 70 yearsCaries prevention43
Pregnancy
≤ 18 yearsCaries prevention3
19 through 50 yearsCaries prevention3
Lactation
≤ 18 yearsCaries prevention3
19 through 50 yearsCaries prevention3
a

AI = Adequate Intake. For healthy infants fed human milk, AI is the mean intake. The observed estimate of nutrient intake that reduces the incidence of dental caries maximally in a group of healthy people. The AI is used if the scientific evidence is not available to derive an EAR. The AI is believed to cover their needs, but lack of data or uncertainty in the data prevent being able to specify with confidence the percentage of individuals covered by this intake.

From: Summary

Cover of Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride
Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride.
Institute of Medicine (US) Standing Committee on the Scientific Evaluation of Dietary Reference Intakes.
Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 1997.
Copyright © 1997, National Academy of Sciences.

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