Table 3Overview of the studies of QI interventions to address disparities in health outcomes

CharacteristicRace or EthnicityInsurance StatusLanguage BarrierHealth LiteracySocioeconomic StatusSex
Intervention category
Patient Education1012121
Provider Education600121
Promotion of Self-management1012021
Audit and Feedback300101
Facilitated Relay of Clinical Data to Providers200011
Patient Reminder System222000
Provider Reminder System100010
Organizational Change100000
Other500021
Condition
Cancer222100
Cardiovascular Disease200000
Depression300021
Diabetes300000
Design
RCT922121
Retrospective cohort200000
Prospective cohort100000

Abbreviation: RCT = randomized controlled trial.

From: Results

Cover of Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science (Vol. 3: Quality Improvement Interventions To Address Health Disparities)
Closing the Quality Gap: Revisiting the State of the Science (Vol. 3: Quality Improvement Interventions To Address Health Disparities).
Evidence Reports/Technology Assessments, No. 208.3.
McPheeters ML, Kripalani S, Peterson NB, et al.

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