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Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors. Priorities in Health. Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006.

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Priorities in Health.

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About the Editors

Dean T. Jamison is a Professor of Health Economics in the School of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), and an affiliate of UCSF Global Health Sciences. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Ellison Institute. Dr. Jamison concurrently serves as an Adjunct Professor in both the Peking University Guanghua School of Management and in the University of Queensland School of Population Health.

Before joining UCSF, Dr. Jamison was on the faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles, and also spent a number of years at the World Bank, where he was a senior economist in the research department, division chief for education policy, and division chief for population, health, and nutrition. In 1992–93 he temporarily rejoined the World Bank to serve as Director of the World Development Report Office and as lead author for the Bank's 1993 World Development Report: Investing in Health. His publications are in the areas of economic theory, public health and education. Most recently, Dr. Jamison has served as the Senior Editor for the Disease Control Priorities Project, where he was involved with preparation of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 2nd edition, and The Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors, both published by Oxford University Press in 2006. Dr. Jamison studied at Stanford (B.A., Philosophy; M.S., Engineering Sciences) and at Harvard (Ph.D., Economics, under K.J. Arrow). In 1994 he was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

Joel G. Breman, M.D., D.T.P.H., is Senior Scientific Advisor, Fogarty International Center (FIC), National Institutes of Health, and Co-Managing Editor of the Disease Control Priorities Project. He was educated at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, and the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Dr. Breman trained in medicine at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles County Medical Center; infectious diseases at the Boston City Hospital, Harvard Medical School; and in epidemiology at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. He worked on smallpox eradication in Guinea (1967–69); Burkina Faso, at the Organization for Coordination and Cooperation in the Control of the Major Endemic Diseases (1972–76); and at the World Health Organization, Geneva (1977–80) where he was responsible for orthopoxvirus research and the certification of eradication.

In 1976, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (formerly Zaire), Dr. Breman investigated the first outbreak of Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever. Following the confirmation of smallpox eradication in 1980, Dr. Breman returned to the CDC where he began work on the epidemiology and control of malaria. Dr. Breman joined the FIC in 1995 and has been Director of the International Training and Research Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases and Senior Scientific Advisor. He has been a member of many advisory groups, including serving as the Chair of the WHO Technical Advisory Group on Human Monkeypox and as a member of the WHO International Commission for the Certification of Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm) Eradication. Dr. Breman has over 100 publications on infectious diseases and research capacity strengthening in developing countries. He was guest editor of two supplements to the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene: The Intolerable Burden of Malaria: A New Look at the Numbers 2001 and The Intolerable Burden of Malaria: What's New, What's Needed 2004.

Anthony R. Measham is Co-Managing Editor of the Disease Control Priorities Project at the Fogarty International Center, U.S. National Institutes of Health; Deputy Director of the Communicating Health Priorities Project at the Population Reference Bureau, Washington, D.C.; and a member of the Working Group of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) on behalf of the World Bank.

Born in the United Kingdom, Dr. Measham practiced family medicine in Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, Canada, before devoting the remainder of his career to date in international health. He spent 15 years resident in developing countries on behalf of the Population Council (Colombia), the Ford Foundation (Bangladesh), and the World Bank (India). Early in his international health career, he was Deputy Director of the Center for Population and Family Health at Columbia University, New York, from 1975–77. He then served for 17 years on the staff of the World Bank, as Health Adviser from 1984–88 and Chief for Policy and Research of the Health, Nutrition and Population Division of the World Bank from 1988–93.

Dr. Measham has spent most of his career providing technical assistance, carrying out research and analysis, and helping to develop projects in more than 20 developing countries, primarily in the areas of maternal and child health and family planning, and nutrition. He was an editor of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, 1st edition (1993), and has authored approximately 60 monographs, book chapters, and journal articles.

Dr. Measham graduated in Medicine from Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. He received a Master's of Science and a doctorate in Public Health from the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill and is a diplomat of the American Board of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. His honors include election to Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society; appointment as Special Professor of International Health, University of Nottingham Medical School, Nottingham, U.K.; and being named Dalhousie University Medical Alumnus of the Year in 2000–01.

Sir George Alleyne, M.D., F.R.C.P., F.A.C.P. (Hon.), D.Sc. (Hon.), is Director Emeritus of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) where he served as Director from 1995 to 2003. Dr. Alleyne is a native of Barbados and graduated from the University of the West Indies (UWI) in Medicine in 1957. He completed his postgraduate training in internal medicine in the United Kingdom and did further postgraduate work in that country and in the United States. He entered academic medicine in UWI in 1962, and his career included research in the Tropical Metabolism Research Unit for his Doctorate in Medicine. He was appointed Professor of Medicine at UWI in 1972, and four years later he became Chairman of the Department of Medicine. He is an emeritus Professor of UWI. He entered PAHO in 1981; in 1983 he was appointed Director of the Area of Health Programs; in 1990, he was appointed Assistant Director.

Dr. Alleyne's scientific publications have dealt with his research in renal physiology and biochemistry and various aspects of clinical medicine. During his term as Director he has dealt with and published on issues such as equity in health, health and development, and the basis for international cooperation in health. He has also addressed several aspects of Caribbean health and the problems it faces. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and Chancellor of the University of the West Indies.

Dr. Alleyne has received numerous awards in recognition of his work, including prestigious decorations and national honors from many countries of the Americas. In 1990, he was made Knight Bachelor by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II for his services to medicine. In 2001, he was awarded the Order of the Caribbean Community, the highest honor that can be conferred on a Caribbean national.

Mariam Claeson, M.D., M.P.H., is the Program Coordinator for AIDS in the South Asia Region of the World Bank since January 2005. She was the Lead Public Health Specialist in the Health, Nutrition and Population, Human Development Network of the World Bank (1998–2004), managing the HNP Millennium Development Goals work program to support accelerated progress in countries. She coauthored the call for action of the Bellagio study group on child survival, in 2003: Knowledge into Action for Child Survival, and the World Bank report on The Millennium Development Goals for Health: Rising to the Challenges 2005. She was a member of the What Works Working group hosted by the Center for Global Development that resulted in the report Millions Saved: Proven Successes in Global Health 2005.

Dr. Claeson coauthored the health chapter of the Poverty Reduction Strategy source book, promoting a life-cycle approach to maternal and child health and nutrition. As a coordinator of the Public Health thematic group (1998–2002), she led the development of the strategy note:Public Health and World Bank Operations and promoted multisector approaches to child health within the World Bank and in Bank supported country operations, analytical work, and lending.

Prior to joining the World Bank, Mariam Claeson worked with WHO from 1987–95, in later years as program manager for the WHO Global Program for the Control of Diarrheal Diseases (CDD). She has several years of field experience, working in developing countries, in clinical practice at the rural district level (in Tanzania, Bangladesh, Bhutan); in national program management on immunization and diarrheal disease control (Ethiopia 1984–86); and in health sector development projects in middle- and low-income countries.

David B. Evans, Ph.D., is an economist by training. Between 1980 and 1990 he was an academic, first in economics departments and then in a medical school, during which time he undertook consultancies for the World Bank, WHO and government. From 1990–98 he sponsored and conducted research into social and economic aspects of tropical diseases and their control in the UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme on Research and Training in Tropical Diseases. He subsequently became Director for the Global Programme on Evidence for Health Policy and then the Department of Health Systems Financing in WHO where he is now responsible for a range of activities relating to the development of appropriate health financing strategies and policies. These include the WHO-CHOICE project which has assessed and reported the costs and effectiveness of over 700 health interventions, the costs of scaling up interventions, health expenditures and accounts, the extent of financial catastrophe and impoverishment due to out-of-pocket payments for health, and assessment of the impact of different types of ways of raising funds for health, pooling them, and using them to provide or purchase services and interventions. He has published widely in these areas.

Prabhat Jha is Canada Research Chair of Health and Development at the University of Toronto, Canada. He is the Founding Director of the Centre for Global Health Research, St. Michael's Hospital, Associate Professor in the Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto and Research Scholar at the McLaughlin Centre for Molecular Medicine. Dr. Jha is also Professeur Extraordinaire at the Université de Lausanne, Switzerland.

Dr. Jha is lead author of Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control and co-editor of Tobacco Control in Developing Countries. Both are among the most influential books on tobacco control. Dr. Jha is the principal investigator of a prospective study of 1 million deaths in India, researching mortality from smoking, alcohol use, fertility patterns, indoor air pollution and other risk factors among 2.3 million homes and 15 million people. This is the world's largest prospective study of health (

He also conducts studies of HIV transmission in various countries, specifically focusing on documenting the risk factors for spread of HIV, and interventions to prevent growth of the HIV epidemic. His studies have received over $5 million in peer-reviewed grants.

Dr. Jha has published widely on tobacco, HIV/AIDS, and health of the global poor. His awards include a Gold Medal from the Poland Health Promotion Foundation (2000), the Top 40 Canadians under age 40 Award (2004), and the Ontario Premier's Research Excellence Award (2004). Dr. Jha was a Research Scholar at the University of Toronto and McMaster University in Canada. He holds a M.D. from the University of Manitoba, Canada, and a D. Phil in Epidemiology and Public Health from Oxford University, England, where he studied as a Rhodes Scholar at Magdalen College.

Anne Mills, Ph.D., is Professor of Health Economics and Policy at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She has over 20 years of experience in health-economics related research in developing countries, and has published widely in the fields of health economics and health planning including books on the role of government in health in developing countries, health planning in the United Kingdom, decentralization, health economics research in developing countries, and the public private mix. Her most recent research interests have been in the organization and financing of health systems including evaluation of contractual relationships between public and private sectors, and in the application of economic evaluation techniques to improve the efficiency of disease control programs.

She has had extensive involvement in supporting the health economics research activities of the WHO Tropical Disease Research Programme. She founded, and is Head of, the Health Economics and Financing Programme, which has become one of the leading groups in the world developing and applying health economics' theories and techniques to increase knowledge on how best to improve the equity and efficiency of developing country health systems. She has acted as advisor to a number of multilateral and bilateral agencies, notably the United Kingdom Department for International Development and the World Health Organization. She guided the creation of the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, and chairs its Board. Most recently, she has been a member of the Commission for Macro-economics and Health, and co-chair of its working group `Improving the health outcomes of the poor'.

Philip Musgrove is Deputy Editor-Global Health for Health Affairs, which is published by Project HOPE in Bethesda, Maryland. He worked for the World Bank (1990–2002), including two years on secondment to the World Health Organization (1999–2001), retiring as a Principal Economist. He was previously Advisor in Health Economics, Pan American Health Organization (1982–1990), and a Research Associate at the Brookings Institution and at Resources for the Future (1964–81).

Dr. Musgrove is Adjunct Professor in the School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, and has taught at George Washington University, American University and the University of Florida. He holds degrees from Haverford College (B.A., 1962, summa cum laude), Princeton University (M.P.A., 1964) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D., 1974).

Dr. Musgrove has worked on health reform projects in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia, as well as dealing with a variety of issues in health economics, financing, equity, and nutrition. His publications include more than 50 articles in economics and health journals and chapters in 20 books.

Copyright © 2006, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank Group.
Bookshelf ID: NBK10254
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