Appendix EExcluded Studies

Publication Details

Exclusion codes:

  • X-1: Not original research (reviews, editorials, commentaries, letters to editor, etc)
  • X-2: Ineligible study size
  • X-3: Not related to the use of nitrous oxide for the management of labor pain
  • X-4: Not published in English
  • X-5: Did not address study questions
Penthrane for obstetrical anesthesia. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 1967 Mar 24;9(6):23–4. X-3. [PubMed: 5298499]
End of an era. Br Med J. 1969 Dec 13;4(5684):636–7. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PMC free article: PMC1630227] [PubMed: 5359914]
Editorial: Nitrous-oxide analgesia. Lancet. 1973 Oct 20;2(7834):891. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 4126925]
Letter: Complication of laparoscopy during early pregnancy. Br Med J. 1974 Mar 30;1(5908):637–8. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PMC free article: PMC1633427] [PubMed: 4274449]
Occupational disease among operating room personnel: a national study. Report of an Ad Hoc Committee on the Effect of Trace Anesthetics on the Health of Operating Room Personnel, American Society of Anesthesiologists. Anesthesiology. 1974 Oct;41(4):321–40. X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 4414878]
Editorial: Pregnancy and anaesthesia. Lancet. 1975 Jul 26;2(7926):169. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 49758]
Editorial: Awareness during anaesthesia. Br Med J. 1976 Apr 24;1(6016):977. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PMC free article: PMC1639626] [PubMed: 1268531]
Intrauterine foetal death associated with dental anaesthesia. SAAD Dig. 1980 Jul;4(7):166–7. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 6934626]
Environmental hazards. Canadian Anaesthetists Society Journal. 1985;32(2):143–144. X-1, X-2, X-5.
Review of recommendations for labor and birth care. Am Fam Physician. 1992;45(2) X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5.
Controlling reproductive hazards: how to minimize harmful exposures. Hosp Employee Health. 1994;13(8):97–104. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5.
Pain relief in labour: your guide to a comfortable birth. Modern Midwife. 1995;5(2):S1–4. X-1, X-2, X-5. [PubMed: 7697426]
Plenty of scope for individualised pain control during labour and delivery. Drugs and Therapy Perspectives. 1996;7(4):7–10. X-1, X-2, X-5.
Practice advisory for intraoperative awareness and brain function monitoring: A report by the American Society of Anesthesiologists Task Force on Intraoperative Awareness. Anesthesiology. 2006;104(4):847–864. X-1, X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 16571982]
Midwifery and childbirth news. Midwifery Today. 2007;81:60–1. X-1, X-2, X-5.
From the American College of Nurse-Midwives. Nitrous oxide for labor analgesia. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2010 May-Jun;55(3):292–6. X-1, X-2, Background. [PubMed: 20437663]
The most important goal in managing labour pain is patient satisfaction. Drugs & Therapy Perspectives. 2010;26(3):15–7. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5.
Aalto Setala M, Heinonen J. Oxygen delivery during endobronchial anaesthesia: A comparison of halothane-oxygen and nitrous oxide-oxygen. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1982;26(6):550–553. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7158266]
Abboud TK, D'Onofrio L, Reyes A, et al. Isoflurane or halothane for cesarean section: comparative maternal and neonatal effects. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1989 Oct;33(7):578–81. X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 2816239]
Abboud TK, Kim SH, Henriksen EH, et al. Comparative maternal and neonatal effects of halothane and enflurane for cesarean section. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1985 Oct;29(7):663–8. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 4072589]
Abboud TK, Nagappala S, Murakawa K, et al. Comparison of the effects of general and regional anesthesia for cesarean section on neonatal neurologic and adaptive capacity scores. Anesth Analg. 1985 Oct;64(10):996–1000. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 4037398]
Abboud TK, Noueihed R, Khoo S, et al. Effects of induction of general and regional anesthesia for cesarean section on maternal plasma beta-endorphin levels. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1983 Aug 15;146(8):927–30. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 6309007]
Abboud TK, Zhu J, Richardson M, et al. Desflurane: a new volatile anesthetic for cesarean section. Maternal and neonatal effects. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1995 Aug;39(6):723–6. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7484023]
Abboud TK, Zhu J, Richardson M, et al. Intravenous propofol vs thiamylal-isoflurane for caesarean section, comparative maternal and neonatal effects. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1995 Feb;39(2):205–9. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7793188]
Abdulatif M, Taylouni E. Surgeon-controlled mivacurium administration during elective caesarean section. Can J Anaesth. 1995 Feb;42(2):96–102. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7720168]
Abdul-Khaliq H, Uhlig R, Bottcher W, et al. Factors influencing the change in cerebral hemodynamics in pediatric patients during and after corrective cardiac surgery of congenital heart diseases by means of full-flow cardiopulmonary bypass. Perfusion. 2002;17(3):179–185. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 12017385]
Abouleish E, Abboud T, Lechevalier T, et al. Rocuronium (Org 9426) for caesarean section. Br J Anaesth. 1994 Sep;73(3):336–41. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7946860]
Abouleish E, Taylor FH. Effect of morphine-diazepam on signs of anesthesia, awareness, and dreams of patients under N2O for cesarean section. Anesth Analg. 1976 Sep-Oct;55(5):702–5. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 987727]
Ackerman IWE. Anesthesia considerations for complicated hydatidiform molar pregnancies. Anesthesiology Review. 1984;11(7):20–24. X-1, X-2, X-3a, X-5.
Ademuyiwa O, Odusoga OL, Adebawo OO, et al. Endogenous antioxidant defences in plasma and erythrocytes of pregnant women during different trimesters of pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 86(10):1175–1180. 1175. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 17851796]
Adriani J. Analgesia and anesthesia in cesarean hysterectomy. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1969 Sep;12(3):590–617. X-1, X-2, X-3a, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 5347225]
Aghdashi MM, Abbasivash R, Hassani E, et al. Fatal respiratory thermal injury following accidental administration of carbon dioxide using the circle system for a cesarean delivery. Int J Obstet Anesth. 2009;18(4):400–402. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 19734035]
Aitkenhead AR. Complications following large-bowel surgery. Regional Anesthesia. 1982;7(Suppl. 4):S99–S104. X-1, X-2, X-3d.
Ajuzieogu OV, Ezike HA, Amucheazi AO, et al. A retrospective study of the outcome of cesarean section for women with severe pre-eclampsia in a third world setting. Saudi J Anaesthesia. 2011;5(1):15–18. X-3d. [PMC free article: PMC3101746] [PubMed: 21655010]
Akimova E, Savli M, Haeusler D, et al. Increase of 5-HTT occupancy during escitalopram or citalopram treatment correlates with antidepressant efficacy in major depressive disorder. J Cancer Educ Conference: Joint Annual Meeting for AACE, CPEN, and EACE. 2009;24:S424–S425. X-2, X-3.
Al Zahrani T, Ibraheim O, Turkistani A, et al. Bispectral index profile during general anaesthesia using nitrous oxide for lower segment caesarean delivery. Internet JAnesthesiology. 2006;10(1) X-2, X-3, X-5.
Al-Areibi A, Coveney L, Singh S, et al. Case report: Anesthetic management for sequential Cesarean delivery and laminectomy. Can J Anaesth. 2007;54(6):471–474. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 17541077]
Aldridge LM, Tunstall ME. Nitrous oxide and the fetus. A review and the results of a retrospective study of 175 cases of anaesthesia for insertion of Shirodkar suture. Br J Anaesth. 1986 Dec;58(12):1348–56. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 3790387]
Allahyary E, Zand F, Tabatabaee HR. Evaluation of the adequacy of general anesthesia in cesarean section by auditory evoked potential index: an observational study. Acta Anaesthesiol Taiwan. 2008 Mar;46(1):16–24. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 18390396]
Allen TK, George RB, Olufolabi AJ, et al. The management of Cesarean delivery in a parturient with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria complicated by severe preeclampsia. Can J Anaesth. 2007;54(8):646–651. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 17666718]
Alon E, Himmelseher S. Ondansetron in the treatment of postoperative vomiting: a randomized, double-blind comparison with droperidol and metoclopramide. Anesth Analg. 1992 Oct;75(4):561–5. X-2, X-3b, X-3d. [PubMed: 1388337]
Andersen LW, Qvist T, Hertz J, et al. Concentrations of thiopentone in mature breast milk and colostrum following an induction dose. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1987;31(1):30–32. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 3825473]
Anderson BJ, Dyson A, Henderson AM. Inspired oxygen and nitrous oxide concentrations in volunteers during nitrous oxide sedation with a Hudson mask. Anaesth Intensive Care. 1988;16(4):423–426. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 3232801]
Anil M, Helvaci M, Ozkalay N, et al. Salmonella typhimurium outbreak in a neonatal unit in Turkey. Indian J Pediatr. 2009;76(6):629–633. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 19418032]
Antal M, Benko M. Introduction of anaesthesia in caesarean section by using ketamine and fazadinium. Acta Chirurgica Hungarica. 1986;27(1):19–25. X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 2872763]
Anwari JS, Ehsan FM, Al-Dar MM. Intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for labor pain. Saudi Med J. 2003;24(6):691–693. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 12847612]
Aoyama K, Yasunaga E, Takenaka I, et al. Positive pressure ventilation during fibreoptic intubation: Comparison of the laryngeal mask airway, intubating laryngeal mask and endoscopy mask techniques. Br J Anaesth. 2002;88(2):246–254. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 11878657]
Arai M, Nishijima M, Tatsumi H. Analgesia and anesthesia during labor in Japan and developed countries. Asia Oceania J Obstet Gynaecol. 1989 Sep;15(3):213–21. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 2597085]
Arellano RJ, Pole ML, Rafuse SE, et al. Omission of nitrous oxide from a propofol-based anesthetic does not affect the recovery of women undergoing outpatient gynecologic surgery. Anesthesiology. 2000 Aug;93(2):332–9. X-2, X-3b, X-3d. [PubMed: 10910478]
Arozenius S, Dahlgren BE, Lindwall L, et al. A comparison of the analgesic effects of methoxyflurane-nitrous oxide and nitrous oxide alone during labour related to the Eysenck personality inventory test. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1980;59(3):203–7. X-5. [PubMed: 7424496]
Arthurs GJ, Rosen M. Acceptability of continuous nasal nitrous oxide during labour--a field trial in six maternity hospitals. Anaesthesia. 1981 Apr;36(4):384–8. X-5. [PubMed: 7246989]
Axelsson G, Rylander R. Exposure to anaesthetic gases and spontaneous abortion: response bias in a postal questionnaire study. Int J Epidemiol. 1982 Sep;11(3):250–6. X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 7129739]
Aydin GB, Coskun F, Sahin A, et al. Influence of sevoflurane and desflurane on neurological and adaptive capacity scores in newborns. Saudi Med J. 2008 Jun;29(6):841–6. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 18521462]
Baccetti B, Piomboni P, Bruni E, et al. Effect of follicle-stimulating hormone on sperm quality and pregnancy rate. Asian J Androl. 2004;6(2):133–137. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 15154088]
Baden JM. Chronic toxicity of inhalation anaesthetics. Clin Anaesthesiol. 1983;1(2):441–454. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5.
Bagshaw RJ, Smith DS, Young MS, et al. Anesthetic management of surgery in the vertebral canal. Anesthesiol Rev. 1985;12(2):13–32. X-1, X-2, X-3d.
Baird DD. Characteristics of fertile menstrual cycles. Scand J Work Environ Health. 1999;25(SUPPL. 1):20–22. X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 10235401]
Baird PA. Occupational exposure to nitrous oxide--not a laughing matter. N Engl J Med. 1992 Oct 1;327(14):1026–7. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 1518538]
Baird WLM, Savage DS. Vecuronium - The first years. Clin Anaesthesiol. 1985;3(2):347–360. X-1, X-2, X-3a, X-3d.
Bajekal RR, Turner R, Yentis SM. Anti-infective measures and Entonox equipment: a survey. Anaesthesia. 2000 Feb;55(2):153–4. X-2, X-5. [PubMed: 10651676]
Bajorek J, Walaszek M. Assessment of the condition of newborns delivered by caesarean section performed for intrauterine foetal distress in relation to the type of anaesthesia. Anaesth Resusc Intensive Ther. 1974 Apr-Jun;2(2):145–8. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 4476194]
Bajoria R, Ward S, Sooranna SR. Atrial natriuretic peptide mediated polyuria: Pathogenesis of polyhydramnios in the recipient twin of twin-twin transfusion syndrome. Placenta. 2001;22(8-9):716–724. X-2, X-3c. [PubMed: 11597191]
Bamber J. Anaesthetist provided labour analgesia. Curr Anaesthesia Crit Care. 2006;17(3-4):131–141. X-1, X-2.
Bancroft GH, Lauria JI. Ketamine induction for cesarean section in a patient with acute intermittent porphyria and achondroplastic dwarfism. Anesthesiol. 1983;59(2):143–144. X-1, X-2, X-3a, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 6869873]
Bannister CF, Brosius KK, Sigl JC, et al. The effect of bispectral index monitoring on anesthetic use and recovery in children anesthetized with sevoflurane in nitrous oxide. Anesth Analg. 2001;92(4):877–881. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 11273918]
Baraka A. Correlation between maternal and foetal PO2 and PCO2 during Caesarean section. Br J Anaesth. 1970 May;42(5):434–8. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 5431544]
Baraka A, Louis F, Noueihid R, et al. Awareness following different techniques of general anaesthesia for caesarean section. Br J Anaesth. 1989 Jun;62(6):645–8. X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 2502168]
Baraka A, O'Brien M, Aslanian E, et al. Propanidid versus thiopentone for induction of general anaesthesia in elective Caesarean section. Br J Anaesth. 1971 Jun;43(6):609–12. X-2, X-3a, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 5089941]
Baraka A, Siddik S, Assaf B. Supplementation of general anaesthesia with tramadol or fentanyl in parturients undergoing elective caesarean section. Can J Anaesth. 1998 Jul;45(7):631–4. X-1, X-2, X-3a, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 9717593]
Baraka A, Wakid N, Noueihed R. Pseudocholinesterase activity and atracurium v. Suxamethonium block. Br J Anaesth. 1986;58(SUPPL. 1) X-3a. [PubMed: 3011044]
Barker TA, Cotter L. Pregnancy following heart trasplantation: A case report. Br J Cardiol. 2003;10(1):56–57. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5.
Barrier G, Sureau C. Effects of anaesthetic and analgesic drugs on labour, fetus and neonate. Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 1982;9(2):351–367. X-1, X-2. [PubMed: 7140118]
Bassell GM. Anesthesia for cesarean section. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1985;28(4):722–734. X-3. [PubMed: 4075625]
Baston H. Midwifery basics: care during labour: pharmacological methods of pain relief. Practising Midwife. 2003;6(11):31–6. X-1, X-2, X-5. [PubMed: 14694880]
Basu A, Nishanth P, Ifaturoti O. Pregnancy in women with myotonia congenita. Int J Gynecol Obstet. 2009;106(1):62–63. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 19368920]
Batt B. Is halothane safe for surgical removal of retained products of conception? Anesth Analg. 1969 May-Jun;48(3):338–40. X-2, X-3a, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 5305879]
Baum JA. New and alternative delivery concepts and techniques. Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol. 2005;19(3 SPEC. ISS):415–428. X-1, X-2. [PubMed: 16013691]
Beeby D, Hughes JOM. Oxytocic drugs and anaesthesia. A controlled clinical trial of ergometrine, syntocinon and normal saline during evacuation of the uterus after spontaneous abortion. Anaesthesia. 1984;39(8):764–767. X-2, X-3a, X-3b. [PubMed: 6383111]
Beilin Y, Bodian CA, Mukherjee T, et al. The use of propofol, nitrous oxide, or isoflurane does not affect the reproductive success rate following gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT): a multicenter pilot trial/survey. Anesthesiology. 1999 Jan;90(1):36–41. X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 9915310]
Beke A, Takacs G, Sziller I, et al. Obstetric anaesthesia in Hungary. Int J Obstet Anesth. 1997;6(4):235–238. X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 15321260]
Bell GT, Taylor JC. Subdural block - Further points. Anaesthesia. 1994;49(9):794–795. X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5. [PubMed: 7978138]
Bellomo R, Goldsmith D, Uchino S, et al. A prospective before-and-after trial of a medical emergency team. Med J Aust. 2003;179(6):283–287. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 12964909]
Bennett EJ, Ramamurthy S, Dalal FY, et al. Pancuronium and the neonate. Br J Anaesth. 1975 Jan;47(1):75–8. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1148077]
Bennett JA, Lingaraju N, Horrow JC, et al. Elderly patients recover more rapidly from desflurane than from isoflurane anesthesia. J Clin Anesth. 1992 Sep-Oct;4(5):378–81. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1389191]
Bennis J, Dottori O, Gundersen K, et al. Nitrous oxide-oxygen analgesia after denitrogenation with pure oxygen in Caesarean section. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand Suppl. 1969;37:212–9. X-2, X-3a, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 5375259]
Benson KT, Dozier NJ, Goto H. Anesthesia for cesarean section in patient with spondylometepiphyseal dysplasia. Anesthesiology. 1985;63(5):548–550. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 4051217]
Berg TG, Rayburn WF. Effects of analgesia on labor. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1992;35(3):457–463. X-1, X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1521375]
Berge JA, Gramstad L, Grimnes S. A simplified concept for controlling oxygen mixtures in the anaesthetic machine - Better, cheaper and more user-friendly? Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1995;39(4):563–567. X-1, X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7676800]
Berger N, Vaillancourt C, Boksa P. Interactive effects of anoxia and general anesthesia during birth on the degree of CNS and systemic hypoxia produced in neonatal rats. Exp Brain Res. 2000 Apr;131(4):524–31. X-2, X-3d. [PubMed: 10803420]
Berggren L, Eriksson I. Midazolam for induction of anaesthesia in outpatients: a comparison with thiopentone. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1981 Dec;25(6):492–6. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7051729]
Berghorn KA, Albrecht ED, Pepe GJ. Responsivity of the baboon fetal pituitary to corticotropin-releasing hormone in utero at midgestation. Endocrinology. 1991 Sep;129(3):1424–8. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1651849]
Bergmans G, Vanacker B, Van Aken H, et al. Investigation of the pharmacokinetics and analgesic effects of an intramuscular injection of sustained-release sufentanil for postoperative pain: An open study. J Clin Anesth. 1994;6(6):462–468. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 7880508]
Bergstrom H, Bernstein K. Psychic reactions after analgesia with nitrous oxide for caesarean section. Lancet. 1968 Sep 7;2(7567):541–2. X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 4175401]
Beringer RM, Patteril M. Puerperal uterine inversion and shock. Br J Anaesth. 2004;92(3):439–441. X-1, X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 14970137]
Bernow J, Bjordal J, Wiklund KE. Pollution of delivery ward air by nitrous oxide. Effects of various modes of room ventilation, excess and close scavenging. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1984 Feb;28(1):119–23. X-2, X-5. [PubMed: 6711258]
Bernstein K, Gisselsson L, Jacobsson L, et al. Influence of two different anaesthetic agents on the newborn and the correlation between foetal oxygenation and induction-delivery time in elective caesarean section. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 1985 Feb;29(2):157–60. X-2, X-3a, X-5. [PubMed: 3919523]
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Bhadresha S, Enever G. A potted history of obstetric anaesthesia. CPD Anaesthesia. 2004;6(1):36–40. X-1, X-2, X-3.
Bhargava AK. First public demonstration of surgical anaesthesia. Med JArmed Forces India. 2003;59(4) X-1, X-2, X-3, X-5.
Bhattacharya S, Wang T, Knox F. Analgesia for labour pain - Analysis of the trends and associations in the Grampian region of Scotland between 1986 and 2001. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2006;6(14) X-5. [PMC free article: PMC1463007] [PubMed: 16623941]
Bhavani Shankar K, Moseley HSL, Mushlin PS, et al. Anaesthesia in Barbados. Can J Anaesth. 1997;44(5 I):559–568. X-1, X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 9161753]
Billard V, Servin F, Guignard B, et al. Desflurane-remifentanil-nitrous oxide anaesthesia for abdominal surgery: Optimal concentrations and recovery features. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2004;48(3):355–364. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 14982571]
Bishop JT. Administration of nitrous oxide in labor: expanding the options for women. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2007 May-Jun;52(3):308–9. X-1, X-2, X-5. [PubMed: 17467598]
Biswas RG, Bandyopadhyay BK, Sarkar M, et al. Perioperative management of pregnant patients with heart disease for caesarian section under anaesthesia. J Indian Med Assoc. 2003;101(11) X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 15198410]
Biswas TK, Hatch PD. A comparison of alfentanil, halothane and enflurane as supplements for outpatient urological surgery. Anaesth Intensive Care. 1989 Aug;17(3):275–9. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 2505631]
Blair JM, Dobson GT, Hill DA, et al. Patient controlled analgesia for labour: A comparison of remifentanil with pethidine. Anaesthesia. 2005;60(1):22–27. X-3. [PubMed: 15601268]
Blair JM, Hill DA, Fee JPH. Patient-controlled analgesia for labour using remifentanil: A feasibility study. Br J Anaesth. 2001;87(3):415–420. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 11517125]
Bland BA, Lawes EG, Duncan PW, et al. Comparison of midazolam and thiopental for rapid sequence anesthetic induction for elective cesarean section. Anesth Analg. 1987 Nov;66(11):1165–8. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 3662061]
Blechner JN, Stenger VG, Eitzman DV, et al. Oxygenation of the human fetus and newborn infant during maternal metabolic acidosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1970 Sep 1;108(1):47–55. X-3. [PubMed: 5454583]
Blechner JN, Stenger VG, Prystowsky H. Uterine blood flow in women at term. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1974 Nov 1;120(5):633–40. X-2, X-3d, X-5. [PubMed: 4421293]
Blechner JN, Stenger VG, Prystowsky H. Blood flow to the human uterus during maternal metabolic acidosis. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1975 Mar 15;121(6):789–94. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1119488]
Blincoe AJ. TENS machines and their use in managing labour pain. Br J Midwifery. 2007;15(8):518–9. X-1, X-2, X-3.
Blitt CD, Petty WC, Alberternst EE, et al. Correlation of plasma cholinesterase activity and duration of action of succinylcholine during pregnancy. Anesth Analg. 1977 Jan-Feb;56(1):78–83. X-2, X-3a. [PubMed: 556913]
Blumgart CH, Hughes DG, Redfern N. Obstetric anaesthesia in dystrophia myotonica. Anaesthesia. 1990;45(1):26–29. X-1, X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1969250]
Bobak M. Outdoor air pollution, low birth weight, and prematurity. Environ Health Perspect. 2000 Feb;108(2):173–6. X-2, X-3d. [PMC free article: PMC1637893] [PubMed: 10656859]
Bodner M, White PF. Antiemetic efficacy of ondansetron after outpatient laparoscopy. Anesth Analg. 1991;73(3):250–254. X-2, X-3a. [PubMed: 1831016]
Boekstegers P, Weidenhofer S, Pilz G, et al. Peripheral oxygen availability within skeletal muscle in sepsis and septic shock: Comparison to limited infection and cardiogenic shock. Infection. 1991;19(5):317–323. X-2, X-3. [PubMed: 1800370]
Bogod DG, Rosen M, Rees GA. Maximum FIO2 during caesarean section. Br J Anaesth. 1988 Sep;61(3):255–62. X-2, X-3a, X-3d. [PubMed: 3140861]
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