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Items: 9

1.

intracellular membrane-bounded organelle

Organized structure of distinctive morphology and function, bounded by a single or double lipid bilayer membrane and occurring within the cell. Includes the nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, and vesicles. Excludes the plasma membrane. Synonym: intracellular membrane-enclosed...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
506298
GO
: GO:0043231
2.

neuronal cell body

The portion of a neuron that includes the nucleus, but excludes cell projections such as axons and dendrites. Synonyms: neuron cell body; neuronal cell soma;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
506115
GO
: GO:0043025
3.

neuron projection

A prolongation or process extending from a nerve cell, e.g. an axon or dendrite. Synonyms: nerve fiber; neurite; neuron process; neuron protrusion; neuronal cell projection;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
506096
GO
: GO:0043005
4.

dendrite

A neuron projection that has a short, tapering, often branched, morphology, receives and integrates signals from other neurons or from sensory stimuli, and conducts a nerve impulse towards the axon or the cell body. In most neurons, the impulse is conveyed from dendrites to axon via...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
499803
GO
: GO:0030425
5.

axon

The long process of a neuron that conducts nerve impulses, usually away from the cell body to the terminals and varicosities, which are sites of storage and release of neurotransmitter.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
499802
GO
: GO:0030424
6.

lamellipodium

A thin sheetlike process extended by the leading edge of a migrating cell or extending cell process; contains a dense meshwork of actin filaments.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
499487
GO
: GO:0030027
7.

cytoplasm

All of the contents of a cell excluding the plasma membrane and nucleus, but including other subcellular structures.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
490711
GO
: GO:0005737
8.

membrane

A lipid bilayer along with all the proteins and protein complexes embedded in it an attached to it.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
489309
GO
: GO:0016020
9.

ruffle

Projection at the leading edge of a crawling cell; the protrusions are supported by a microfilament meshwork. Synonym: membrane ruffle;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
487625
GO
: GO:0001726

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