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Results: 10

1.

juxtaparanode region of axon

A region of an axon near a node of Ranvier that is between the paranode and internode regions. Synonyms: juxta paranode axon; juxtaparanodal region; juxtaparanode;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
507231
GO
: GO:0044224
2.

neuronal cell body

The portion of a neuron that includes the nucleus, but excludes cell projections such as axons and dendrites. Synonyms: neuron cell body; neuronal cell soma;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
506115
GO
: GO:0043025
3.

myelination

The process in which myelin sheaths are formed and maintained around neurons. Oligodendrocytes in the brain and spinal cord and Schwann cells in the peripheral nervous system wrap axons with compact layers of their plasma membrane. Adjacent myelin segments are separated by a non-myelinated...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
505683
GO
: GO:0042552
4.

paranode region of axon

An axon part that is located adjacent to the nodes of Ranvier and surrounded by lateral loop portions of myelin sheath. Synonym: paranode;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
502489
GO
: GO:0033270
5.

axolemma

The portion of the plasma membrane surrounding an axon; it is a specialized trilaminar random mosaic of protein molecules floating within a fluid matrix of highly mobile phospholipid molecules, 7-8 nm in thickness. Synonym: axonal membrane;

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
499976
GO
: GO:0030673
6.

dendrite

A neuron projection that has a short, tapering, often branched, morphology, receives and integrates signals from other neurons or from sensory stimuli, and conducts a nerve impulse towards the axon or the cell body. In most neurons, the impulse is conveyed from dendrites to axon via...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
499803
GO
: GO:0030425
7.

voltage-gated potassium channel complex

A protein complex that forms a transmembrane channel through which potassium ions may cross a cell membrane in response to changes in membrane potential. Synonyms: voltage gated potassium channel complex; voltage-dependent potassium channel complex; voltage-sensitive potassium channel...

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
492446
GO
: GO:0008076
8.

neuron recognition

The process in which a neuronal cell in a multicellular organism interprets its surroundings. Synonym: neuronal cell recognition;

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
492416
GO
: GO:0008038
9.

brain development

The process whose specific outcome is the progression of the brain over time, from its formation to the mature structure. Brain development begins with patterning events in the neural tube and ends with the mature structure that is the center of thought and emotion. The brain is responsible...

Type
:
pathway
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
492181
GO
: GO:0007420
10.

membrane

Double layer of lipid molecules that encloses all cells, and, in eukaryotes, many organelles; may be a single or double lipid bilayer; also includes associated proteins.

Type
:
structural_complex
Taxonomic scope
:
conserved biosystem
BSID:
489309
GO
: GO:0016020

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