2AHS: Crystal Structure of the Catalytic Domain of Human Tyrosine Receptor Phosphatase Beta

Citation:
Abstract
Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) play a critical role in regulating cellular functions by selectively dephosphorylating their substrates. Here we present 22 human PTP crystal structures that, together with prior structural knowledge, enable a comprehensive analysis of the classical PTP family. Despite their largely conserved fold, surface properties of PTPs are strikingly diverse. A potential secondary substrate-binding pocket is frequently found in phosphatases, and this has implications for both substrate recognition and development of selective inhibitors. Structural comparison identified four diverse catalytic loop (WPD) conformations and suggested a mechanism for loop closure. Enzymatic assays revealed vast differences in PTP catalytic activity and identified PTPD1, PTPD2, and HDPTP as catalytically inert protein phosphatases. We propose a "head-to-toe" dimerization model for RPTPgamma/zeta that is distinct from the "inhibitory wedge" model and that provides a molecular basis for inhibitory regulation. This phosphatome resource gives an expanded insight into intrafamily PTP diversity, catalytic activity, substrate recognition, and autoregulatory self-association.
PDB ID: 2AHSDownload
MMDB ID: 34852
PDB Deposition Date: 2005/7/28
Updated in MMDB: 2011/10 
Experimental Method:
x-ray diffraction
Resolution: 2.1  Å
Source Organism:
Similar Structures:
Biological Unit for 2AHS: monomeric; determined by author
Molecular Components in 2AHS
Label Count Molecule
Protein (1 molecule)
1
Receptor-type Tyrosine-protein Phosphatase Beta
Molecule annotation
Chemicals (9 molecules)
1
4
2
1
3
4
* Click molecule labels to explore molecular sequence information.

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